Female Condoms as a Preventive Measure against HIV/AIDS Infection among University Students in Gaborone, Botswana


This paper seeks to investigate the predictors of female condom use amongst female university students in Gaborone, Botswana. The study used primary data through the administration of a questionnaire amongst randomly selected respondents to determine the factors behind the use of female condoms. Since the dependent variable had three outcomes, multinomial logistic regression was used. It was found out that only known HIV status was inversely related to the use of the female condom. The other variables, namely age, perceived exposure to HIV infection, perception about the female condoms and the respondents perceived risk were positively and significantly related to the use of the female condom. The paper concluded by pointing out that the limited use of female condoms should not be construed as indicative of the absence of safer sexual practices until some factors, namely the use of the male condom and partner behaviors are brought on board. Notwithstanding this apparent omission, the paper culminates by appealing for continued or even intensified sex education on the importance of the female condom particularly in view of the HIV and AIDS scourge.

Share and Cite:

Kaelo, G. and Malema, B. (2014) Female Condoms as a Preventive Measure against HIV/AIDS Infection among University Students in Gaborone, Botswana. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-9. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1100538.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Central Statistics Office (2008) Botswana AIDS Impact Survey III: Statistical Report. Central Statistics Office, Gaborone.
[2] Lamptey, P. and Price, J. (1998) Social Marketing Sexually Transmitted Disease and HIV Prevention; A Consumer-Centered Approach to Achieving Behaviour Change. AIDS, 12, S1-S9.
[3] Bond, V. and Dover, P. (1997) Men, Women and the Trouble with Condoms: Problems Associated with Condom Use by Migrant Workers in Rural Zambia. Health Transition Review, 7, 377-391.
[4] UNAIDS (2005) Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic. UNAIDS, Geneva.
[5] WHO (2005) Newsletter, June. WHO, Geneva.
[6] WHO (2000) Reproductive Health Report. WHO, Geneva.
[7] Gollub, P. and Erica, L. (2000) The Female Condom: Tool for Women’s Empowerment. American Journal of Public Health, 90, 1377-1381.
[8] UNAIDS (2000) Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic: A UNAIDS 10th Anniversary Special Edition. UNAIDS, Geneva.
[9] UNAIDS (1999) Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic. UNAIDS, Geneva.
[10] Mmegi Newspaper (2010) Female Condom Not So Blissful. Mmegi Newspaper, 27, 26 April 2010.
[11] AIDSCAP (1997) The Female Condom: From Research to the Market Place. United States of America.
[12] WHO (2000) Sentinel Surveillance for HIV Infection: A Method to Monitor HIV Infection Trends in Population Groups. WHO, Geneva.
[13] Hogan, P. and Kitagwa, M. (1985) The Impact of Social Status on Family Structure. American Sociological Review, 59, 408-424.
[14] Brewster, K. (1994) Race Differences in Sexual Activity among Women. American Sociological Review, 59, 408-424.
[15] Meekers, D. and Richter, K. (2005) Factors Associated With Use of the Female Condom in Zimbabwe. International Family Planning Perspectives, 31, 30-37.
[16] Gilbert, M., Middlestadt, S. and Eustace, A. (2000) Using a KAPB Survey to Identify Determinants of Condom Use Among Sexually Active Adults. Journal of Applied Psychology, 25, 1-20.
[17] Harrison, D., David, S., Riehman, K. and Eberstein, I. (1997) Factors Associated With Use of the Female Condom. Family Planning Perspectives, 29, 181-184.
[18] Macaluso, M., Artz, L., Fleenor, M., Robey, L., Kelaghan, J. and Cabral, R. (1997) Female Condom Use among Women at High Risk of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Family Planning Perspective, 32, 138-44.
[19] Choi, K., Hoff, C., Gregorich, E. and Gomez, C. (2008) The Efficacy of Female Condom Skills Training in HIV Risk Reduction among Women: A randomized Controlled Trial. American Journal of Public Health, 98, 1841-1848.
[20] Kenneth, S. and Hsiao, C. (2005) Multinomial Logit Specification Tests. International Economic Review, 26, 619-627.
[21] Schmidt, P. and Strauss, R. (1975) The Prediction of Occupation Using Multinomial Logit Models. International Economic Review, 16, 471-486
[22] Martin, S. (2008) AIDS and Behavioral Change to Reduce Risk: A Review. American Journal of Public Health, 78, 394-410.
[23] Fapohunda, O. (2009) Reproductive Health Risk and Protective Factors among Youth in Lusaka, Zambia. Journal of Adolescent Health, 30, 76-86.
[24] Dominik, M. and Trussell, A. (2004) Determinants of Condom Use among Young People. Studies in Family Planning, 33, 335-346.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.