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A Fundamental Statistical Tools Application for Livestock Diversity Studies from Microsatellite Data—A Mini Review

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DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100572    858 Downloads   1,357 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The conservation of genetic variation is essential for meeting future unpredictable breeding requirements. Therefore, the foremost priority must be given to assessment of the population variation status. Among several markers, a DNA based microsatellite is a choice for the population studies, currently. We reviewed some important statistical tools for assessing the farm animal biodiversity. Firstly, the reliability of the results which is mainly based on the number of microsatellite loci genotyped and unrelated sample size per population was discussed. Secondly, we argued genetic parameters which are estimated while reporting the state of population variations. Thirdly, supplementing information to variations was also presented. Fourthly, we briefly discussed the types and constructing phylogenetic tree and the role of principal component analysis. Finally, we presented the important web-based statistical packages for genetic data analysis. This shall assist in devising appropriate conservation strategy for our farm animal genetic resources.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Dorji, N. and Daugjinda, M. (2014) A Fundamental Statistical Tools Application for Livestock Diversity Studies from Microsatellite Data—A Mini Review. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-8. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1100572.

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