Share This Article:

Demonstration of Apron Star 42 WS Seed Dressing Chemical against Cutworm (Agrotis segtum) on Chickpea using Farmer Research Group Approach at Dembia Woreda, North Gondar, Ethiopia

Abstract PP. 1-5
DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1100369    1,087 Downloads   2,032 Views  

ABSTRACT

Ethiopia is the largest chickpea growing country in Africa. Most of the chickpea production is used for domestic consumption as well as for substantial export. However, the national average grain yield in Ethiopia has remained extremely low and owing to different biological and physical constraints. Among these, insect pests have special influence on low level of production and productivity. Cutworm (Agrotis spp.) is one of the important pests of chickpea during seedling stage in Ethiopia and feed on the roots during the day and at night move up to the soil surface and attack seedlings. The trial was conducted in farmer’s field with supplementary irrigation at Guramba Michael locality of Dembia district since 2010 to evaluate and determine the efficacy of Apron Star 42 WS seed dressing chemical against cutworm during seedling stage of the crop. The research was followed Farmer Research Group approach to evaluate the intervention based on evaluation criteria of farmers. The experiment was initiated with two treatments such as seeds treated with Apron star 42 WS and seeds not treated with Apron Star 42 WS used as control. Arerti improved chickpea variety was used for each treatment and tested by using simple paired comparison design. Plot size was 10 m × 10 m use. Plot received seeds treated with Apron Star chemical showed early seedlings emergence, vigorous growth, deep green leaves and stout stem with large number of branches as well as large number of seedlings 15 days after emerged (28 per meter square) and least number of damaged plants by cutworm (3 per meter square). However, Plot received seeds not treated with Apron Star chemical showed late seedlings emergence, slow growth, yellowish leaves and week stem with less number of branches as well as least number of seedlings 15 days after emerged (17 per meter square) and large number of damaged plants by cutworm (10 per meter square). Both treatments were not shown significant differences in the case of stand counting at emergence and number of plants attacked by wilt root rot disease. Most members of the Farmer Research Group indicated that the improved variety, the seed dressing chemical and the research approach used for evaluation of the intervention were very attractive and useful for chickpea growers where the cutworm is the major bottleneck. Therefore, using seeds treated with Apron star 42 WS seed dressing chemical was effective for the control of cutworm as well as suitable for practicing early sowing time of chickpea to get enough yields.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Agegnehu, E. and Medhin, Z. (2014) Demonstration of Apron Star 42 WS Seed Dressing Chemical against Cutworm (Agrotis segtum) on Chickpea using Farmer Research Group Approach at Dembia Woreda, North Gondar, Ethiopia. Open Access Library Journal, 1, 1-5. doi: 10.4236/oalib.1100369.

References

[1] FAOSTAT (2004) An Open Access Journal Published by ICRISAT.
http://faostat.fao.org/faostat/
[2] MoARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development) (2003) Plan for Improving the Productivity and Marketing of Chickpeas (Amharic). MoARD, Extension Department, Addis Ababa, 52 p.
[3] Bejiga, G., Eshete, M. and Anbessa, Y. (1996) Improved Cultivars and Production Technology of Chickpea in Ethiopia. Research Bulletin No. 2, Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, 60 p.
[4] Crowe, T.J., Tadesse, G.M. and Tsedeke, A. (1977) An Annotated List of Insect Pests of Field Crops in Ethiopia. IAR, Addis Abeba, 71 p.
[5] COPR (1981) Pest Control in Tropical Grain Legumes. COPR, London, 127-177.
[6] Allen, D.J., Ampofo, J.K.O. and Wortmann, C.S. (1996) Pests, Diseases, and Nutritiona Disorders of the Common Bean in Africa. A Field Guide. CIAT, Colombia.
[7] CAB International (1998) Crop Protection Compendium Module 1 CD-ROM. CAB International, Wallingford.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.