Fish Diversity and Fish Assemblage Structure in Seagrass Meadows at Sikao Bay, Trang Province, Thailand

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DOI: 10.4236/oje.2015.512047    3,200 Downloads   3,777 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

We investigated the relationship between environmental variables as descriptors of the fish community, in terms of species diversity indices and fish assemblage patterns, in seagrass meadows at Sikao Bay, Trang Province, Thailand. Fish data and water quality parameters were collected from January to December 2012. A total of 10,596 fish specimens of 97 taxa in 48 families from four stations, Kham Bay (7°30'9.21''N, 99°18'7.67''E), Boonkong Bay (7°31'2.49''N, 99°17'40.09''E), Ban Pak Klong (7°36'17.67''N, 99°16'32.89''E) and Sai Cape (7°38'30.19''N, 99°14'49.85''E), were collected using gillnets of three different mesh sizes. The three most diverse families were Leiognathidae, Carangidae and Tetraodontidae, respectively. The dominant species were Atherinomorus duodecimalis, Sillago sihama and Pelates quadrilineatus. Specimens were highly abundant in July and less so in January and species richness was high in July and less so in March. Fish assemblages were classified into two patterns and the average of the Shannon index was 2.7. The environmental parameters in each month were analyzed by one-way ANOVA which did not show significant difference (P > 0.05) of pH, orthophosphate, wind speed and rainfall. Fish diversity and assemblage, and environmental parameters, were categorized into four groups. These could be promoted to local fisheries so that conservation programs cpuld be set up to ensure the ecological sustainability of seagrass meadows.

Cite this paper

Phinrub, W. , Montien-Art, B. , Promya, J. and Suvarnaraksha, A. (2015) Fish Diversity and Fish Assemblage Structure in Seagrass Meadows at Sikao Bay, Trang Province, Thailand. Open Journal of Ecology, 5, 563-573. doi: 10.4236/oje.2015.512047.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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