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Morphological Characteristics and Nutritional Values of Wild Types of Sago Mushrooms (Volvariella sp.) That Growth Naturally in Manokwari, West Papua

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DOI: 10.4236/ns.2015.713059    4,331 Downloads   4,977 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Sago mushrooms (SMs) are an edible fungus that is favorite food for community in Papua and West Papua, Indonesia in particular. This work aims to determine the morphological characteristics and nutritional value of SMs growing naturally in Manokwari. Morphological characteristic of SMs that grows wild in Manokwari has an average of pileus diameter 9.53 cm, pileus weight 21.53 grams, and pileus color. The pileus color is divided into three colors: outer circle color is RHS163D, middle circle color is RHS199B, and inner circle color is RHS199A. Average of stipe diameter, length, and weight is 1.00 cm, 10.43 cm, and 9.15 gram respectively. Stipe is a yellowish white color (RHS155B). SMs nutrient content that grows naturally in Manokwari is potassium 1394.02 milli-grams and calcium 13.37 milligrams per 1000 grams fresh weight. The others nutrient contents of SMs that are measured are fat 1.01 grams, protein 1.30 grams, carbohydrates 0.18 grams, phosphorus 0.34 milligrams, and energy 15.01 kilocalories per 100 grams of fresh weight.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Paisey, E. and Abbas, B. (2015) Morphological Characteristics and Nutritional Values of Wild Types of Sago Mushrooms (Volvariella sp.) That Growth Naturally in Manokwari, West Papua. Natural Science, 7, 599-604. doi: 10.4236/ns.2015.713059.

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