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Neonatal Infection among Women with Prior Premature Labor

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DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2015.515118    3,415 Downloads   3,864 Views  

ABSTRACT

Objectives: Since studies demonstrate that neonates born to mothers having been cared for premature labor will suffer from congenital neonatal sepsis, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence and main risk factors of neonatal infection among mothers having experienced a prior premature labor. Methods: This was a cross sectional study carried out from January 1st throughout 31st December, 2013 at the university clinics of Kinshasa. It concerned all delivered women at term having been cared for premature labor prior to giving birth a live newborn. Maternal variables of interest were: parity, gestation, age, intrapartum fever, malaria, urogenital infection during the last 2 weeks before delivery (UGI), premature rupture of membranes (PROM), cervical cerclage, meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) and the way of delivery. For neonates attention was paid on gestational age, birth weight, admission at neonatal intensive care unit (ANICU) and infection as stated within three days after birth. T-test and Chi-square were used where appropriate. Logistic analysis was used to determine the risk for maternal variables to induce neonatal infection (OR and CI), the significance stated at p < 0.05. Results: Fifty two mother-infant couples were recruited. Of these 19 neonates were infected (prevalence of 36.5%). Mean age, gestational age and birth weight were 30.19 ± 5.32 years, 37.2 ± 2 weeks and 2638 ± 588 g, respectively. Infected neonates had their gestational age and birth weight significantly lower whilst proportion of ANICU higher than that on non infected. Prematurity, PROM, UGI, prior cerclage and MSAF were significantly more frequent in couples with neonatal infection. Prematurity, birth weight <2500 g and UGI were found to enhance the risk by 3 to 4 times. Conclusion: The prevalence of neonatal infection was very high. Prematurity, birth weight <2500 g and maternal UGI were found to enhance the risk by 3 to 4 times.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Barthélémy, T. and David, K. (2015) Neonatal Infection among Women with Prior Premature Labor. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 5, 833-838. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2015.515118.

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