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Contamination of Water, Dust, Soil, Rock and Urine with Fluoride in Central India

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DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.612117    2,623 Downloads   3,130 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

At least 15% of 0.1 million people residing in 117 villages of Tamnar block (Chhattisgarh, central India) are suffering from fluorosis diseases. In this work, the contamination of F- in the environment (i.e. water, soil, rock and urine) of the Tamnar block is described. The concentration variations of F-, Cl-, NO3-, SO42-, Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Al, Mn, Fe and Zn in the groundwater are reported. The F- content in the water was ranged from 1.7 - 17 mg/L with mean value of 9.0 ± 3.7 mg/L. Fluoride was enriched up to 3-, 54-, 69- and 244-folds in the urine, soil, dust and rock, respectively. The cluster and factor analysis models were used to apportion sources of F- and other elements in the water.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Patel, K. , Sahu, D. , Dahariya, N. , Sahu, B. , Ramteke, S. , Blazhev, B. , Matini, L. , Yubero, E. and Hoinkis, J. (2015) Contamination of Water, Dust, Soil, Rock and Urine with Fluoride in Central India. Journal of Environmental Protection, 6, 1347-1359. doi: 10.4236/jep.2015.612117.

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