Investigation and Analysis on Pathogen Distribution of HIV/AIDS Patients with Opportunistic Infection


Objective: This study aims to understand the distribution of pathogenic bacteria in the region of HIV/AIDS patients with opportunistic infection. Methods: To count the number of the bacterial culture of HIV/AIDS patients in our hospital from October 2011 to December 2014, and observe the distribution of all kinds of pathogenic bacteria. Results: From the 4269 cases of HIV/AIDS patients’ bacteria, 5045 cases were cultured whose main flora distribution wasCandida albicans, 1759 cases. The second one was penicillium, 982 cases. The third one was mycobacteria, 557 cases. And then there are 213 cases ofCryptococcus neoformans, 212 cases of Klebsiella pneumonia, 209 cases of E. coli, 157 cases of coagulase-negative staphylococci, 112 cases of Candida tropicalis, 90 cases of glabrata, 81 cases of Staphylococcus aureus, 75 cases of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 60 cases of Salmonella, 48 cases of Acinetobacter and the distribution of the rest of cultured bacterial was less than 40 cases. Conclusion: There are many kinds of types of Pathogenic bacteria in HIV/AIDS patients with the opportunity to infectious. And the majorities are Candida albicans, Penicillium marneffei, Penicillium, Mycobacterium, Cryptococcus neoformans and so on. The infection sites are widely distributed; respiratory and circulatory are the main infected system. Improving the detection rate and reducing the contamination rate can truly reflect the distribution of pathogenic bacteria, and the distribution can guide the infection work in hospital. At the same time, it’s good to predict and prevent opportunistic infection. Thus, the patients can get immediate treatment.

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Mo, L. , Su, G. , Lan, J. , Wu, F. , Luo, X. and Su, H. (2015) Investigation and Analysis on Pathogen Distribution of HIV/AIDS Patients with Opportunistic Infection. Advances in Infectious Diseases, 5, 167-173. doi: 10.4236/aid.2015.54021.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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