Workplace Incivility and Its Effects on Value Congruence, Recovery-Stress-State and the Intention to Quit


Negative social interactions, such as workplace incivility, show a strong connection to work-related negative outcomes, such as exhaustion or intention to quit. Despite being aware of the important role of incivility in employees’ working life, there is still a lack of research on moderators and mediators in the relationship of incivility and work-related outcomes. In the present study, the moderating roles of stress, recovery and value incongruence on the relationship of incivility with intention to quit are analyzed. We approach this research question using following the theoretical concepts of the Risk Management Model and the dysempowerment theory. The study was prepared as online study. With the data of 371 participants the research question was investigated with a structural equation model (SEM). The overall fit of the modified structural model was satisfying. Supervisor incivility has significant negative effects on the experience of value congruence as well as stress and recovery at the workplace. This in turn leads to a higher intention to leave the organization. Coworker incivility showed a strong relation to supervisor incivility but showed only a significant effect on work-related recovery. The current research represents an important step in developing an understanding of the effects of workplace incivility on the employee’s value congruence, experience of stress, recovery and the intention to quit.

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Jiménez, P. , Dunkl, A. and Peißl, S. (2015) Workplace Incivility and Its Effects on Value Congruence, Recovery-Stress-State and the Intention to Quit. Psychology, 6, 1930-1939. doi: 10.4236/psych.2015.614190.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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