Twenty-Hour Sleep Deprivation Does Not Affect Perceived Vection Strength

DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2015.512052   PDF   HTML   XML   3,744 Downloads   4,299 Views   Citations


We examined the effect of sleep deprivation on self-motion perception (vection). We measured the strength of vection, its latency, and its duration in two conditions: Sleep-Deprivation and Normal-Sleep (by using the between-subject design). For the Sleep-Deprivation condition, participants did not sleep for about 20 hours. We also recorded subjective sleepiness with a subjective rating scale that was filled out by the participants. Results showed that vection strength did not differ between the two conditions. Sleep deprivation did not have any clear effect on vection. As expected, subjective sleepiness significantly increased following sleep deprivation. Further, subjective sleepiness significantly correlated with vection latency and duration only in the Normal-Sleep condition. Vection was immune to sleep deprivation. We conclude that when people are not deprived of sleep, sleepiness can enhance the perceived strength of vection.

Share and Cite:

Ogawa, M. , Seno, T. , Matsumori, K. and Higuchi, S. (2015) Twenty-Hour Sleep Deprivation Does Not Affect Perceived Vection Strength. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, 5, 550-560. doi: 10.4236/jbbs.2015.512052.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Bonnet, M.H. (2005) Acute Sleep Deprivation. In: Kryger, M.H., Roth, T. and Dement, W.C., Eds., Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia, 51-66.
[2] Shneider, E., Leweke, F.M., Stermemann, U., Weber, M.M. and Emrich, H.M. (1996) Visual 3D Illusion: A Systems-Theoretical Approach to Psychosis. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 246, 256-260.
[3] Paavonen, E.J., Raikkonen, K., Pesonen, A.K., Lahti, J., Komsi, N., Heinonen, K., Jarvenpaa, A.L., Strandberg, T., Kajantie, E. and Porkka-Heiskanen, T. (2010) Sleep Quality and Cognitive Performance in 8-Year-Old Children. Sleep Medicine, 11, 386-392.
[4] Araujo, D.F., Soares, C.S. and de Almondes, K.M. (2013) Relation between Sleep and Visuospatial Skills in Students from a Public School. Estudos de Psicologia, 18, 109-116.
[5] Chee, M.W.L. and Chuah, Y.M.L. (2007) Functional Neuroimaging and Behavioral Correlates of Capacity Decline in Visual Short-Term Memory after Sleep Deprivation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104, 9487-9492.
[6] Drummond, S.P. and Brown, G.G. (2001) The Effects of Total Sleep Deprivation on Cerebral Responses to Cognitive Performance. Neuropsychopharmacology, 25, 68-73.
[7] Aguiar, S.A. and Barela, J.A. (2014) Sleep Deprivation Affects Sensorimotor Coupling in Postural Control of Young Adults. Neuroscience Letters, 574, 47-52.
[8] Bougard, C., Lepelley, M.C. and Davenne, D. (2011) The Influences of Time-of-Day and Sleep Deprivation on Postural Control. Experimental Brain Research, 209, 109-115.
[9] Gomez, S., Patel, M., Berg, S., Magnusson, M., Johansson, R. and Fransson, P.A. (2008) Effects of Proprioceptive Vibratory Stimulation on Body Movement at 24 and 36 h of Sleep Deprivation. Clinical Neurophysiology, 119, 617-625.
[10] Liu, Y., Higuchi, S. and Motohashi, Y. (2001) Changes in Postural Sway during a Period of Sustained Wakefulness in Male Adults. Society of Occupational Medicine, 51, 490-495.
[11] Patel, M., Gomez, S., Berg, S., Almbladh, P., Lindblad, J., Petersen, H., Magnusson, M., Johansson, R. and Fransson, P.A. (2008) Effects of 24-h and 36-h Sleep Deprivation on Human Postural Control and Adaptation. Experimental Brain Research, 185, 165-173.
[12] Fabbri, M., Martoni, M., Esposito, M.J., Brighetti, G. and Natale, V. (2006) Postural Control after a Night without Sleep. Neuropsychologia, 44, 2520-2525.
[13] Gribble, P.A. and Hertel, J. (2004) Changes in Postural Control during a 48-hr. Sleep Deprivation Period 1. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 99, 1035-1045.
[14] Fransson, P.A., Patel, M., Mag-nusson, M., Berg, S., Almbladh, P. and Gomez, S. (2009) Effects of 24-Hour and 36-Hour Sleep Deprivation on Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements. Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium and Orientation, 18, 209-222.
[15] Quarck, G., Ventre, J., Etard, O. and Denise, P. (2006) Total Sleep Deprivation Can Increase Vestibulo-Ocular Responses. Journal of Sleep Research, 15, 369-375.
[16] Fischer, M.H. and Kornmüller, A.E. (1930) Optokineticausgeloste Bewegungs-wahrnehmungen und optokinetinetisher Nystagmus. Journal of Psychological Neurology, 41, 273-308.
[17] Seno, T. and Fukuda, H. (2012) Stimulus Meanings Alter Illusory Self-Motion (Vection).—Experimental Examination of the Train Illusion. Seeing and Perceiving, 25, 631-645.
[18] Brandt, T., Dichgans, J. and Koenig, E. (1973) Differential Effects of Central Verses Peripheral Vision on Egocentric and Exocentric Motion Perception. Experimental Brain Research, 5, 476-491.
[19] Dichgans, J. and Brandt, T. (1978) Visual-Vestibular Interaction: Effect on Self-Motion Perception and Postural Control. In: Held, R., Leibowitz, H.W. and Tueber, H.L., Eds., Handbook of Sensory Physiology, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 179-230.
[20] Howard, I.P. (1982) Human Visual Orientation. Wiley, Chichester.
[21] Palmisano, S., Allison, R.S., Schira, M.M. and Barry, R.J. (2015) Future Challenges for Vection Research: Definitions, Functional Significance, Measures, and Neural Bases. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, 193.
[22] Riecke, B.E., Feuereissen, D., Rieser, J.J. and McNamara, T.P. (2011) Spatialized Sound Enhances Biomechanically-Induced Self-Motion Illusion (Vection). Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Vancouver, 7-12 May 2011, 2799-2802.
[23] Brandt, T., Bartenstein, P., Janek, A. and Dieterich, M. (1998) Reciprocal Inhibitory Visual-Vestibular Interaction. Visual Motion Stimulation Deactivates the Parieto-Insular Vestibular Cortex. Brain, 121, 1749-1758.
[24] Nakamura, S. and Shimojo, S. (1998) Stimulus Size and Eccentricity in Visually Induced Perception of Horizontally Translational Self-Motion. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 87, 659-663.
[25] Palmisano, S., Deborah, A., Seno, T. and Stapley, P. (2014) Spontaneous Postural Sway Predicts the Strength of Smooth Vection. Experimental Brain Research, 232, 1185-1191.
[26] Seno, T. (2014) Vection Is Not Determined by the Retinal Coordinate. Psychology, 5, 12-14.
[27] Brandt, T., Dichgans, J. and Buchele, W. (1974) Motion Habituation: Inverted Self-Motion Perception and Optokinetic After-Nystagmus. Experimental Brain Research, 21, 337-352.
[28] Ash, A., Palmisano, S. and Kim, J. (2011b) Vection in Depth during Consistent and Inconsistent Multisensory Stimulation. Perception, 40, 155-174.
[29] Ash, A., Palmisano, S., Govan, D.G. and Kim, J. (2011) Display Lag and Gain Effects on Vection Experienced by Active Observers. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 82, 763-769.
[30] Kuno, S., Kawakita, T., Kawakami, O., Miyake, Y. and Watanabe, S. (1999) Postural Adjustment Response to Depth Direction Moving Patterns Produced by Virtual Reality Graphics. The Japanese Journal of Physiology, 49, 417-424.
[31] Thurrell, A. and Bronstein, A. (2002) Vection Increases the Magnitude and Accuracy of Visually Evoked Postural Responses. Experimental Brain Research, 147, 558-560.
[32] Holten, V., Donker, S.F., Verstraten, F.A.J. and van der Smagt, M.J. (2013) Decreasing Perceived Optic Flow Rigidity Increases Postural Sway. Experimental Brain Research, 228, 117-129.
[33] Palmisano, S., Pinniger, G.J., Ash, A. and Steele, J.R. (2009) Effects of Simulated Viewpoint Jitter on Visually Induced Postural Sway. Perception, 38, 442-453.
[34] Seno, T. and Nakamura, S. (2013) Alcohol Consumption Enhances Vection. Perception, 42, 580-582.
[35] Ogawa, M., Ito, H. and Seno, T. (2015) Vection Is Unaffected by Circadian Rhythms. Psychology, 6, 440-446.
[36] Scherer, M.R., Claro, P.J. and Heaton, K.J. (2013) Sleep Deprivation Has No Effect on Dynamic Visual Acuity in Military Service Members Who Are Healthy. Physical Therapy, 93, 1185-1196.
[37] Collins, W. (1988) Some Effects of Sleep Loss on Vestibular Responses. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 59, 523-529.
[38] Wolfe, J.W. and Brown, J.H. (1968) Effects of Sleep Deprivation on the Vestibule-Ocular Reflex. Aviation Medicine, 39, 947-949.
[39] Nishimura, T., Seno, T., Moti, M. and Watanuki, S. (2014) Illusory Self-Motion (Vection) May Be Inhibited by Hypobaric Hypoxia. Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, 85, 504-508.
[40] Seno, T. (2013) Social Inhibition of Vection. Psychology, 4, 619-621.
[41] Norton, R. (1970) The Effects of Acute Sleep Deprivation on Selective Attention. British Journal of Psychology, 61, 157-161.
[42] Sanders, A.F. and Reitsma, W.D. (1982) Lack of Sleep and Covert Orienting of Attention. Acta Psychologica, 52, 137-145.
[43] Sato, T. and Hata, A. (2015) Effect of Attention in Vection Perception—A Two Stage Model. APCV 2015: 11th Asia-Pacific Conference on Vision (Oral Presentation).
[44] Seno, T., Ito, H. and Sunaga, S. (2011) Attentional Load Inhibits Vection. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 73, 1467-1476.
[45] Ihaya, K., Seno, T. and Yamada, Y. (2014) Piùmosso: Fast Self-Motion Makes Cyclic Action Faster in Virtual Reality. Revistalatinoamericana de psicología, 46, 53-58.
[46] Seno, T. (2013) Music Modulates the Strength of Vection. Psychology, 7, 566-568.
[47] Pilcher, J., Band, D., Odle-Dusseau, H.N. and Muth, E.R. (2007) Human Performance under Sustained Operations and Acute Sleep Deprivation Conditions: Toward a Model of Controlled Attention. Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 78, 15-24.
[48] Arnedt, J.T., Wilde, G.J.S., Munt, P.W. and MacLean, A.W. (2001) How Do Prolonged Wakefulness and Alcohol Compare in the Decrements They Produce on a Simulated Driving Task? Accident Analysis and Prevention, 33, 337-344.
[49] Miles, L.K., Karpinska, K., Lumsden, J., Macrae, C.N. and Gilbert, S. (2010) The Meandering Mind: Vection and Mental Time Travel. PLoS ONE, 5, e10825.
[50] Sasaki, K., Seno, T., Yamada, Y. and Miura, K. (2012) Emotional Sounds Influence Vertical Vection. Perception, 41, 875-877.
[51] Seno, T., Kawabe, T., Ito, H. and Sunaga, S. (2013) Vection Modulates Emotional Valence of Autobiographical Episodic Memories. Cognition, 126, 115-120.
[52] Seno, T., Taya, S., Ito, H. and Sunaga, S. (2011) The Mental Number Line in Depth Revealed by Vection. Perception, 40, 1241-1244.
[53] Ogawa, M. and Seno T. (2014). Vection Is Modulated by the Semantic Meaning of Stimuli and Experimental Instructions. Perception, 63, 605-615.
[54] Riecke, B.E., Schukte-Pelkum, J. and Caniard, F. (2006) Using the Perceptually Oriented Approach to Optimize Spatial Presence & Ego-Motion Simulation. In: Handbook of Presence, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, 49-57.
[55] Seno, T., Ihaya, K. and Yamada, Y. (2013) I Speak Fast When I Move Fast: The Speed of Illusory Self-Motion (Vection) Modulates the Speed of Utterances. Frontiers in Psychology, 4, 494.
[56] Seno, T., Ito, H. and Sunaga, S. (2010) Vection after Effect from Expanding/Contracting Stimuli. Seeing and Perceiving, 23, 273-294.
[57] Enomoto, M., Endo, T., Suenaga, K., Miura, N., Nakano, Y., Kohtoh, S., Taguchi, Y., Aritake, S., Higuchi, S., Matsuura, M., Takahashi, K. and Mishima, K. (2009) Newly Developed Waist Actigraphy and Its Sleep/Wake Scoring Algorithm. Sleep and Biological Rhythms, 7, 17-22.
[58] Seno, T., Abe, K. and Kiyokawa, S. (2013) Wearing Heavy Iron Clogs Can Inhibit Vection. Multisensory Research, 26, 569-580.
[59] Palmisano, S. and Chan, A.Y.C. (2004) Jitter and Size Effects on Vection Are Immune to Experimental Instructions and Demands. Perception, 33, 987-1000.
[60] Higuchi, S., Liu, Y., Yuasa, T., Maeda, A. and Motohashi, Y. (2001) Diurnal Variations in Alpha Power Density and Subjective Sleepiness While Performing Repeated Vigilance Tasks. Clinical Neurophysiology, 112, 997-1000.
[61] Rosenthal, L., Day, R., Gerhardstein, R., Meixner, R., Roth, T., Guido, P. and Fortier, J. (2001) Sleepiness/Alertness among Healthy Evening and Morning Type Individuals. Sleep Medicine, 2, 243-248.
[62] Seno, T. (2013b) No Sex Difference in Vection. Perception, 42, 173.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.