Injury Induced Mortality in Iran from 2006 to 2010


Introduction: To adequately measure population health, a health information system is essential. The main rationale for collecting routine data on population health is to provide information and evidence for designing and assessing health programs and to ensure that their objectives are being met. Accidents are one of the most predictable issues that constitute a major social and economic burden amongst communities, particularly in developing countries such as Iran. Methods: Among the available data provided by health information system, data on mortality are commonly used not only as health indicators but also as socioeconomic development indices. In Iran, two organizations, the National Organization for Civil Registration (NOCR) and the Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MOH&ME) currently operate death registration systems. In this research, a cross-section of accident-cause of mortality data from the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in the year 2004 to 2010 was employed. Results: The highest rate of injury caused deaths was due to road traffic accidents in all these years and in both sexes. Traffic accidents were first in the ranking of unintentional accidents, the next ranking were burns, sudden intoxication with drugs and toxicants and fall in order. The proportion of deaths due to accidents in relation to the total number of deaths due to unintentional injuries was 69.9 in 2006, 66.3 in 2007, 66.3 in 2008, 68.2 in 2009 and 65.5 in 2010. Discussion: From 2006 to 2010, two thirds of injury-caused deaths were related to transport accidents. Although no significant changes are observable in 5 years, we can observe a gradual decrease in death. Conclusion: As we can see in this research, the first rank in injuries is related to road traffic accidents. This should be as a priority for various organizations and policy makers should find an appropriate and logical solution to resolve this problem.

Share and Cite:

Kazemeini, H. , Khosravi, A. , Mousavi, S. , Amanolahi, A. and Aghamohammadi, S. (2015) Injury Induced Mortality in Iran from 2006 to 2010. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 5, 441-448. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.511049.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Yavari, P., Abdi, A.R. and Mehrabi, Y. (2003) Epidemiology of Death Causes and Its Change Trends from 1979 till 2001. Hakim Medical Journal, 6, 7-14.
[2] Soltani, G.R., Ahmadi, B., Porreza, A. and Rahimi, A. (2009) An Epidemiological Study and Determination of Causes of Traffic Accident-Related Death in Yazd District in 2009. The Journal of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, 21, 831-839.
[3] Amani, F., Kazem Nezhad, A., Habibi, R. and Haji Zadeh, R. (2010) Trend of Main Cause Mortality Changes in Iran from 1971 to 2009. Journal of Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, 12, 85-90.
[4] Naghavi, M., Wang, H., Lozano, R., Davis, A., Liang, X., Zhou, M., Vollset, S.E. and Bohensky, M.A. (2015) Global, Regional, and National Age-Sex Specific All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality for 240 Causes of Death, 1990-2013: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet, 385, 117-171.
[5] Fanian, H., Ghadi Pasha, M., Ghodosi, A., Abedi, M.H., et al. (2007) Epidemiologic Study of Traffic Accidents in Isfahan Province in 2002 to 2003. Iranian Journal of Forensic Medicine, 13, 87-91.
[6] Sanaei-Zadeh, H., Vahabi, R., Nazparvar, B. and Amoei, M. (2002) An Epidemiological Study and Determination of Causes of Traffic Accident-Related Death in Tehran, Iran (during 2000-2001). Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine, 9, 74-77.
[7] Khademi, A. and Moradi, S. (2009) Statistical Analysis of Traffic Accident Victims in the Beginning of 2008. Iranian Journal of Forensic Medicine, 28, 1-28.
[8] Peden, M. and Toroyan, T. (2005) Counting Road Traffic Deaths and Injuries: Poor Data Should Not Detract from Doing Something. Annals of Emergency Medicine, 46, 158-160.
[9] Seleye-Fubara, D. and Ekere, A.U. (2003) Pedestrian Deaths Resulting from Road Traffic Accidents Seen at University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital: Six Year Review. Nigerian Journal of Medicine, 12, 103-105.
[10] Zhou, J.H., Zhao, X.C., Wang, Z.G., Zhu, P.F., Jian, H.G., Liu, D.W., Zhou, J.L. and Lin, L. (2003) The Analysis of Epidemiological Characteristics of Road Traffic Crashes in a Mountain City in Western China. Chinese Journal of Traumatology, 6, 355-358.
[11] Mohan, D. (2008) Road Traffic Injuries: A Stocktaking. Best Practice & Research Clinical Rheumatology, 22, 725-739.
[12] Kapp, C. (2003) WHO Acts on Road Safety to Reverse Accident Trends. Lancet, 362, 1125.
[13] Bhalla, K., Naghavi, M., Shahraz, S., Bartels, D. and Murray, C.J. (2009) Building National Estimates of the Burden of Road Traffic Injuries in Developing Countries from all Available Data Sources: Iran. Injury Prevention, 15, 150-156.
[14] Bernard, S.T. and Matthews, W.A. (2003) Contemporary Analysis of Road Traffic Crashes, Fatalities and Injuries in Trinidad and Tobago. Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 10, 21-27.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.