Operating Efficiency of National High-Tech Industrial Development Zones in China and Its Difference Analysis—Based on DEA and Clustering


Taking China’s 56 national high-tech zones as the research objects, this paper respectively dis-cusses the decomposition, features and diversity issues of the operational efficiency of the high- tech zones, based on DEA evaluation of its comprehensive efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency. This research shows: 1) Over the years, the operating efficiency of China’s high- tech zones characterizes cycle development, and the low efficiency of the “first entrepreneurship” and “secondary entrepreneurship” stages result from invalid scale efficiency and pure technical efficiency; 2) China’s high-tech zones can be divided into four types, namely, the versatile and efficient type, the inefficient scale type, the inefficient allocation type and the continuous improvement type, and the low efficiency of high-tech zones is mainly rooted in pure technical inefficiency.

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Zhou, M. , Liu, W. and Yang, X. (2015) Operating Efficiency of National High-Tech Industrial Development Zones in China and Its Difference Analysis—Based on DEA and Clustering. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 3, 197-206. doi: 10.4236/jss.2015.311024.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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