Japanese Social Expenditure under Rapid Population Ageing
Tetsuo Fukawa*
Institution for Future Welfare, Tokyo, Japan.
DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.311018   PDF   HTML     2,838 Downloads   3,281 Views   Citations


Japan is suffering from low fertility for more than two decades, and Japanese social security system needs a structural reform to be more effective and sustainable. In this paper, we discussed structural issues in the Japanese social security system, which will provide the basis for containing social expenditure in Japan. Some Japanese benefits, such as child-rearing support and benefit for low income families as well as long-term care benefit, need to be increased. On the other hand, it is important to incorporate right incentives in the system for healthcare and LTC services, and new forms of solidarity are indispensable to make Japanese social security system sustainable.

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Fukawa, T. (2015) Japanese Social Expenditure under Rapid Population Ageing. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 3, 138-144. doi: 10.4236/jss.2015.311018.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Fukawa, T. (2005) Some Structural Issues in the Japanese Social Security System. The Japanese Journal of Social Security Policy, 4, 67-75.
[2] Fukawa, T., Ogura, S. and van den Berg, B. (2012) Overview of Financing and Managing Long-Term Care Services in Six OECD Countries. Japanese Journal of Health Economics and Policy, 24, 1-7.
[3] MHLW (2015) National Healthcare Expenditure for FY 2013. (In Japanese)
[4] OECD (2006) OECD Economic Surveys 2006 Japan.
[5] Fukawa, T. (2009) Healthcare Expenditures in Japan and France. The Japanese Journal of Social Security Policy, 8, 68-76.
[6] Fukawa, T. (2007) Macro Evaluation of the Japanese Healthcare System in Comparison with Germany. The Japanese Journal of Social Security Policy, 6, 31-42.
[7] OECD (2003) Policies for an Ageing Society: Recent Measures and Areas for Future Reform. Economics Department Working Paper No.369.
[8] Oshio, T., Tajika, E. and Fukawa, T. (2014) Social Security Policies in Japan: Issues and Challenges. University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo. (In Japanese)

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