Comparative Dosimetric Study for Treating Left Sided Breast Cancer Using Three Different Radiotherapy Techniques:Tangential Wedged Fields, Forward Planned Segmented Filed, and IP-IMRT


Background: Radiation therapy should not only be directed to improve the local control, which has a survival benefit, but also should be directed to minimize the risk of complications, which may develop in critical organs. Several studies have reported that field-in-field (FiF) radiotherapy technique improves the dose homogeneity, decreases doses to lungs, heart and contralateral breast compared with conventional wedged technique. Purpose: compare the dosimetry for the left breast cancer radiotherapy using three different radiotherapy techniques, tangential wedged fields (TW), segmented field (FiF) and inverse planning IMRT (IP-IMRT). Material and Methods: Twenty patients have undergone left breast-conservative surgery and received a prescribed dose of 50 Gy/25 fractions. Results: The mean PTV receiving >105% (V105) dose was1.75% for IP-IMRT, 2.03% for FiF, and 4.82% for TW. The mean V95% was 92.1% for TW, 96% for FiF, and 95.1% for IP-IMRT; these differences regarding V105% and V95% are statistically significant through paired comparison between FiF vs TW and IP-IMRT vs TW, with no statistically significant difference between FiF and IP-IMRT. Better conformity and homogeneity indices for FiF and IMRT compared to TW with statistical significant difference. Regarding organs at risk, left lung and heart have higher values of V5, V10, and V20 for IP-IMRT compared to TW and FiF; the differences are statistically significant, lower coronary artery regionV30 vules for IPIMRT compared to TW and FiF but no difference in the Dmean between IPIMRT and FIF. FiF and TW decrease the contralateral breast dose significantly compared to IP IMRT. Conclusion: FiF technique is an efficient and reliable method for achieving a uniform dose throughout the whole breast resulting in improved coverage, sparing of organs at risk and reduction of acute and late toxicities.

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Elzawawy, S. and Hammoury, S. (2015) Comparative Dosimetric Study for Treating Left Sided Breast Cancer Using Three Different Radiotherapy Techniques:Tangential Wedged Fields, Forward Planned Segmented Filed, and IP-IMRT. International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology, 4, 308-317. doi: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2015.44037.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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