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Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Egyptian Women Suffering from Infertility

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DOI: 10.4236/aim.2015.512081    3,743 Downloads   4,393 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Chlamydial and gonococcal infections are recognized as two of the major causes of sexually transmissible human bacterial infection which may lead to infertility. In this cross sectional study, we aimed to determine the prevalence of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis among Egyptian women using different microbiological methods. One hundred and fifty cervical swabs were collected, of which 100 were from infertile women. Culture and ELISA technique were used for screening of Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis individually. In addition, PCR was used for all examined samples. For C. trachomatis, 3 cases were positive for antigen detection by ELISA. Moreover, in obtained results of PCR, DNA was detected in 4 samples, and three of them from infertile group. So based on PCR results, the sensitivity and specificity of ELISA were 75% and 100% respectively. Furthermore, 3 samples were positive for gonococcal infections by PCR, and two of them were taken from infertile women. Positive results of two samples were verified by culture. The estimated sensitivity and specificity of culture method were 66.7% and 100% respectively. Results of this study indicate that PCR is a valuable method for detection of gonococcal and chlamydial infection and it is suitable for the confirmation of ELISA results for C. trachomatis diagnosis. Culture method is less sensitive than PCR for detection of N. gonorrhoeae. The prevalence of such infections is higher among infertile women.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Elkayal, N. , Mahmoud, N. and Abdalla, S. (2015) Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae in Egyptian Women Suffering from Infertility. Advances in Microbiology, 5, 769-779. doi: 10.4236/aim.2015.512081.

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