Library3.0 for Public Library


The number of visitors to public library has been dropping in most of the developed cities as a result of digitalization and Internet proliferation. The role of public library has to be converted into a place for discourse, peer collaboration, social learning, and particularly inspiration through and learning from people. Social capital can thus be built up and that the process of building social capital can be part of a community development. Base on the principles of Library3.0 and Connectivism which is considered as the learning theory of this digital age, and the study of “Next” public library, this paper supports that Library3.0 implementation can facilitate this conversion with emphasis on the importance of Personalization in the creation of different space/zones for individual. Library3.0 in reality is introduced at the end.

Share and Cite:

Y. Chan, H. (2015) Library3.0 for Public Library. Journal of Service Science and Management, 8, 741-753. doi: 10.4236/jssm.2015.85075.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Hanekop, H. and Wittke, V. (2006) Das wissenschaftliche Journal und seine möglichen Alternativen: Veränderungen der Wissenschaftskommunikation durch das Internet. In: Hagenhoff, S. (Hrsg.), Internetökonomie in der Medienbranche, Universitätsverlag Göttingen.
[2] Kumar, S. and Grover, V.K. (2007) Electronic Journals: Impact on Scholarly Communication, User and Library. Library Herald, 45, 325-336.
[3] Montgomery, C.H. and Beilec, J.A. (2000) The Economic Impact of an Electronic Journal Collection on an Academic Library, Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 413-417.
[4] Folding Shelves (2013) The Economist.
[5] Best, D. (2006) Web 2.0: Next Big Thing or Next Big Internet Bubble? Technische Universiteit Eindhoven.
[6] Habib, M.C. (2006) Toward Academic Library 2.0: Development and Application of a Library 2.0 Methodology. Unpublished Master’s Dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
[7] Vacek, R. (2007) The Impact of Web 2.0 on Library Websites. Slideshare.
[8] Yang, X.Y., Wei, Q.Y. and Peng, X.D. (2009) System Architecture of Library 2.0. The Electronic Library, 27, 283-291.
[9] Belling, A., Rhodes, A., Smith, J., Thomson, S. and Thorn, B. (2011) Exploring Library 3.0 and beyond.
[10] Public Library Statistics (2015) Ontario Ministry of Travel, Culture and Sports.
[11] Morris, N. (2015) Number of Library Visitors Falls by 40 Million in Four Years as Austerity Measures Force Closures. The Independent.
[12] Murdoch, J.B. (2012) UK Library Stats: Falls in Numbers of Facilities, Visits and Books Issued. The Guardian.
[13] Bilandzic, M. and Foth, M. (2013) Libraries as Coworking Spaces: Understanding User Motivations and Perceived Barriers to Social Learning. Library Hi Tech, 31, 254-273.
[14] Smith, M.K. (2003) Learning Theory. Retrieved from The Encyclopedia of Informal Education.
[15] Siemens, G. (2004) Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. International Journal of Instructional Technology & Distance Learning, 2.
[16] Mallon, M.N. (2013) Extending the Learning Process: Using the Theory of Connectivism to Inspire Student Collaboration. Kansas Library Association College and University Libraries Section Proceedings, 3, 18-27.
[17] Lu, J., Yang, J. and Yu, C.-S. (2013) Is Social Capital Effective for Online Learning? Information & Management, 50, 507-522.
[18] Coleman, J.S. (1994) Foundations of Social Theory. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.
[19] Johnson, C.A. and Griffis, M.R. (2009) A Place Where Everybody Knows Your Name? Investigating Relationship between Public Libraries and Social Capital. Canadian Journal of Information and Library Science, 33, 159-191.
[20] Downes, S. (2006) Learning Networks and Connective Knowledge. Collective Intelligence and Elearning, 20, 1-26.
[21] Hussain, F. (2012) E-Learning 3.0 = E-Learning 2.0 + Web 3.0? International Conference on Cognition and Exploratory Learning in Digital Age (CELDA 2012), Madrid, 19-21 October 2012, 11-18
[22] Chu, H.C. and Yang, S.W. (2012) Innovative Semantic Web Services for Next Generation Academic Electronic Library via Web 3.0 via Distributed Artificial Intelligence. In: Pan, J.-S., Chen, S.-M. and Nguyen, N.T., Eds., Intelligent Information and Database Systems, Springer, Berlin, 118-124.
[23] Ahmed, W. (2015) Third Generation of the Web: Libraries, Librarians and Web 3.0. Library Hi Tech News, 32, 6-8.
[24] Saw, G. and Todd, H. (2007) Library 3.0: Where Art Our Skills? World Library and Information Congress, 73rd IFLA General Conference and Council, Durban, 19-23 August 2007.
[25] Kwanya, T., Stilwell, C. and Underwood, P.G. (2013) Intelligent Libraries and Apomediators: Distinguishing between Library 3.0 and Library 2.0. Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, 45, 187-197.
[26] Noh, Y.H. (2013) A Study on Next-Generation Digital Library Using Context-Awareness Technology. Library Hi Tech, 31, 236-253.
[27] Hartmann, M. (2010) Context-Aware Intelligent User Interfaces for Supporting System Use. Dissertation zur Erlangung des akademischen Grades. Dr.-Ing.
[28] Gaiman, N. (2013) Neil Gaiman: Why Our Future Depends on Libraries, Reading and Daydreaming. The Guardian.
[29] Victims’ Justice (2015) The Economist.
[30] Schulz, K. (2014) Library Transformation: Sketching the Future Library Transitioning to a Space for Citizens and Community Connections.
[31] Storey, T. (2004) Libraries Look to Balance Technology, Cost and Usefulness. OCLC Newsletter.
[32] Aabø, S. and Audunson, R. (2012) Use of Library Space and the Library as Place. Library & Information Science Research, 34, 138-149.
[33] Kilpatrick, S., Field, J. and Falk, I. (2003) Social Capital: An analytical Tool for Exploring Lifelong Learning and Community Development. British Educational Research Journal, 29, 417-432.
[34] Noh, Y.H. (2012) A Study on Library 3.0 Concept and Its Service Model. Journal of the Korean Society for Information Management, 27, 283-307.
[35] Wang, T.J. and Zhao, P.J. (2015) Research and Application of Internet of Things in Intelligent Library. 1st International Conference on Information Sciences, Machinery, Materials and Energy, Chongqing, 11-13 April 2015, Atlantis Press, 684-687.
[36] Minami, T. (2008) Library Services as Multi Agent System. In: Nguyen, N.T., Jo, G.S., Howlett, R.J. and Jain, L.C., Eds., Agent and Multi-Systems: Technologies and Applications, Springer, Berlin, 222-231.
[37] Lops, P., de Gemmis, M. and Semeraro, G. (2011) Content-Based Recommender Systems: State of the Art and Trends. In: Ricci, F., Rokach, L., Shapira, B. and Kantor, P.B., Eds., Recommender Systems Handbook, Springer US, New York, 73-105.
[38] Chen, C.M. (2013) An Intelligent Mobile Location-Aware Book Recommendation System That Enhances Problem-Based Learning in Libraries. Interactive Learning Environments, 21, 469-495.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.