Share This Article:

Improve Water Quality at the El-Rahawy Drain and the Rosetta Branch, Egypt

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:1043KB) PP. 1139-1148
DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.610101    3,243 Downloads   3,961 Views   Citations


The El-Rahawy drain, is the major source of pollution along the Rosetta branch, receives primary treated wastewater from the Abu-Rawash Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP). The main purpose of this research was to manage water quality at the Rosetta branch by improving effluent water quality at the Abu-Rawash WWTP. This research involved attempting to determine the optimal dose of aluminum chloride (AlCl3) to reach an acceptable treatment at the Abu-Rawash WWTP. A dose of 2.0 mg of AlCl3 for each liter of wastewater was selected. Another approach involves discharging flow from Al-Buhairi Water Canal to the El-Rahawy drain in order to increase the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration and reduce pollutant concentrations at the El-Rahawy drain. Applying these approaches will significantly improve water quality at the El-Rahawy drain. The river pollutant (RP) modeling was also used to study the effect of improving water quality at the El-Rahawy drain on the Rosetta branch water quality. The RP modeling showed that applying the proposed solutions will significantly improve water quality at the Rosetta branch.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Mostafa, M. , Elshafei, M. and Peters, R. (2015) Improve Water Quality at the El-Rahawy Drain and the Rosetta Branch, Egypt. Journal of Environmental Protection, 6, 1139-1148. doi: 10.4236/jep.2015.610101.


[1] Nile Basin Initiative (2005) Nile Basin National Water Quality Monitoring Baseline Study Report for Egypt, The Nile Transboundary Environmental Action Project (NTEAP).
[2] El-Bouraie, M.M., Eman, A.M., Gehad, G.M., Essam, H.A. and Mohamed, M.Y. (2011) Water Quality of Rosetta Branch in Nile Delta, Egypt. Suoseura, 62, 31-37.
[3] Brown, P., Fatma, E., Mohamed, A.T., Emad, I.H. and Shaden, A. (2003) Nile River Water Quality Management Study, United States Agency for International Development/Egypt, Egypt Water Policy Reform Contract No. LAG-I-00-99-00017-00 Task Order 815.
[4] Elewa, A.A., Shehata, M.B., Mohamed, L.F., Badr, M.H. and Abdel-Aziz, G.S. (2009) Water Quality Characteristics of the River Nile at Delta Barrage with Special Reference to Rosetta Branch. Global Journal of Environmental Research, 3, 1-6.
[5] Gaber, H.S., Midhat, A.E., Seham, A.I. and Mohammad, M.N.A. (2013) Effect of Water Pollution in El-Rahawy Drainage Canal on Hematology and Organs of Freshwater Fish Clariasgariepinus. World Applied Sciences Journal, 21, 329-341.
[6] El-Fakharany, Z.M. (2013) Environmental Impact Assessment of Artificial Recharge of Treated Wastewater on Groundwater Aquifer System Case study Abu-Rawash, Egypt. The Journal of American Science, 9, 309-315.
[7] Ministry of Housing, Utilities and Urban Development (2010) Availability and Operation of Abu-Rawash Wastewater Treatment Plant: Amended Information Memorandum.
[8] Misheloff, R. (2010) Integrated Water Resource Management II: Feasibility of Wastewater Reuse, International Resources Group. Report No. 14, United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Washington DC.
[9] Mostafa, M. (2014) Modeling of Pollutant Transport in the Nile Delta Egypt. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham.
[10] Abdel-Satar, A.M. and Elewa, A.A. (2001) Water Quality and Environmental Assessments of the River Nile at Rosetta Branch. The Second International Conference and Exhibition for Life and Environment, Alexandria, 3-5 April 2001, 136-164.
[11] Abdo, M.H. (2002) Environmental Studies on Rosetta Branch and Some Chemical Applications at the Area Extend from El-KanaterEl-Khyria to Kafr-El-Zyat City. Ph.D. Thesis, Fac. of Sci. Ain Shams University, Cairo.
[12] Badr, M.H., Abdelsamie, E., Mohammed, B.S., Laila, F.M. and Ghada, S.A. (2006) Studies on the Effect of El-Rahaway Drain on the River Nile Water Pollution by Trace Metals and Major Cations at El-Kanater-El Khyria Area under the Effect of Seasonal Variation. Ass. Univ. Bull. Environ. Res., 9, 205-218.
[13] Moustafa, M.M., Mohamed, H.H.A., Amal, M.A., Talat, M. and Siliem, M.M. (2010) Water Quality Assessment of Rosetta and Damietta Branches, River Nile, Egypt. African J. Biol. Sci., 6, 127-142.
[14] Ezzat, S.M., Hesham, M.M., Mervat, A.A., Essam, H.A. and Mostafa, A.E. (2012) Water Quality Assessment of River Nile at Rosetta Branch: Impact of Drains Discharge. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 12, 413-423.
[15] Andrew, D.E., Lenore, S.C., Eugene, W.R. and Arnold, E.G. (2005) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 21st Edition, American Public Health Association, Washington DC.
[16] National Water Research Center (NWRC) (1995) River Nile Protection and Development Project Phase II. Environmental Pollution and Legislative Regulations (Law 48. 1982 & Decree 8, 1993). Ministry of Public Works and Water Resources, Cairo.
[17] Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2007) Drinking Water Standards and Health Advisories Table. San Francisco.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.