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Mental and Cardiovascular Health of Portuguese Subjects in a Situation of Economic Insufficiency

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DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2015.54042    3,888 Downloads   4,283 Views   Citations


Economic insufficiency causes stress and negative affects. Poverty is self-perpetuated, also due to a particular pattern of economic behaviors induced by negative affects and stress. Often, loneliness occurs together with economic insufficiency. For this study, it has been selected a sample of convenience. A positive correlation between anxiety/depression and negative affects is presented. Dispositional optimism and social support, factors which contribute to health, serve as buffers, in negative correlation, of the negative impact of negative affects, due to financial restraint, on health. Financial management is negatively correlated with the lack of cardiovascular health, and cardiovascular dysfunction correlates positively with loneliness, in this study. Positive affects correlate positively with resilience skills, which correlate negatively with depression. Within this context, psychobiological therapeutic interventions and psychotherapy, which also target psychological dysfunction related to economic behavior of persons in a situation of poverty, would be beneficial.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Gonçalves, E. , Moniz, E. and de Jesus, S. (2015) Mental and Cardiovascular Health of Portuguese Subjects in a Situation of Economic Insufficiency. Open Journal of Psychiatry, 5, 374-385. doi: 10.4236/ojpsych.2015.54042.


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