Metabolic Syndrome and Pregnancy, Its Prevalence, Obstetrical and Newborns Complications
Hamilton dos Prazeres Tavares1*, Mariana Alvarez Arantes1, Suelma Beatriz Marques Prata Tavares2, Joelcio Francisco Abbade3, D. C. D. Meirelles dosDébora Cristina Damasceno Meirelles dos Santos4, Iracema de Mattos Paranhos Calderon5, Marilza Vieira Cunha Rudge5
1PhD Student in Gynecology, Obstetrics and Mastology at the Botucatu Medical School, Unesp, Paulista State University, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
2Medical Specialist in Gynaecology and Obstetrics and Boss of Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics of the Municipal Hospital of Huambo, Huambo, Angola.
3Assistant Professor of Obstetrics, Botucatu Medical School, Unesp, Paulista State University, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
4PhD, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Laboratory of Experimental Research on Gynecology and Obstetrics, Botucatu Medical School, Unesp, Paulista State University, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
5Full Professor of Obstetrics in Botucatu Medical School, Unesp, Paulista State University, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2015.511087   PDF   HTML   XML   4,462 Downloads   5,583 Views   Citations

Abstract

Background: The metabolic syndrome affects more and more global people. Although it shows increasing prevalence in general population, the syndrome affects more women than men, what makes its risk of being developed during pregnancy period. Also, possible perinatal adverse effects are always lurking. Objective: the objective was demonstrated what’s new in literature on metabolic syndrome and pregnancy. Methods: A literature review was performed to extract the articles published on metabolic syndrome and pregnancy, its prevalence, obstetrical complications and its perinatal adverse effects. This review was conducted by online researching in PubMed, Lilacs, Medline, Embase, Scopus, Medscape, Libertas Academica and CINAHL database, Science database and also by researches in books. 27 selected articles on metabolic syndrome after this research were all published between 1988 and 2015. Results: Among those 27 articles and two books studied, SM rate in obstetric population ranged from 3% to 42% depending on the previously manifested components of the syndrome, age and region. Women with previously manifested components showed more adverse perinatal effects. Conclusion: Women with pregestational DM or SM and SM develop more during pregnancy, obstetric complications and adverse perinatal outcomes.

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Tavares, H. , Arantes, M. , Tavares, S. , Abbade, J. , Santos, D. , Calderon, I. and Rudge, M. (2015) Metabolic Syndrome and Pregnancy, Its Prevalence, Obstetrical and Newborns Complications. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 5, 618-625. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2015.511087.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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