Establishment of Growth Curves to Full Term Newborns: A Moroccan Study
Mohamed Amine Radouani1, Salem Ananou1, Mustapha Mrabet2, Aicha Kharbach1, Hassan Aguenaou3, Amina Barkat1,4*
1Research Team on Health and Nutrition of Mother and Child, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Rabat, Mohammed V University of Rabat, Rabat, Morocco.
2Teaching and Research Unit of Public Health, Research Team on Health and Nutrition of Mother and Child, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy of Rabat, Mohammed V University of Rabat, Rabat, Morocco.
3Joint Research Unit in Nutrition and Food URAC 39 (Ibn Tofail University—CNESTEN), Designated Regional Center of Nutrition Partner of AFRA/IAEA, Kenitra, Morocco.
4Department of Medicine and Neonatal Resuscitation, National Center for Neonatology and Nutrition, Rabat, Morocco.
DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2015.53040   PDF   HTML   XML   4,522 Downloads   5,150 Views   Citations


Neonatal anthropometric data is an important reflection of the growth and fetal development. Objective: Knowing the anthropometric standards of Moroccan newborns according to sex, gestational age, parity, age and corpulence of women. Materials and Methods: Prospective and cross-sectional study. The information forward newborns alive, healthy, Moroccan parents, from normal pregnancies, born in Rabat Souissi’s maternity between January 2008 and December 2013, was gathered. Results: 5000 births were recruited. The ratio was balanced. Anthropometric standards identified according to gestational age and gender were lower than the Frenchs (AUDIPOG) and Tunisians. With our curves, we determined new thresholds for SGA and macrosomia. Factors influencing fetal growth, it was verified, in addition to sex and gestational age of the newborn, age, parity and maternal body mass index (BMI), that have proven determinants of fetal growth in our context. Conclusion: The curves of birth weight, height and head circumference of Moroccan newborns recruited have determined a new thresholds for hypotrophy and macrosomia.

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Radouani, M. , Ananou, S. , Mrabet, M. , Kharbach, A. , Aguenaou, H. and Barkat, A. (2015) Establishment of Growth Curves to Full Term Newborns: A Moroccan Study. Open Journal of Pediatrics, 5, 263-273. doi: 10.4236/ojped.2015.53040.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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