The Influence of Implicit Achievement Motive and Graphological Variables on Learning Variables


There are several methods of implicit measurement. A very valid and wide spread assessment of motives by using the technique of projection is picture story exercises (PSE). Graphology, as theory of inferences on personality and motives by analyzing handwriting, is another one. The presented study examines the commons of the both measurement methods and their prediction of achievement behaviour. So, the achievement motive of 189 students was assessed using the PSE of Heckhausen (1963) and afterwards their handwriting was scored by a categorical system of Ploog (2013). Achievement related behaviour was operatively analyzed with self-reported learning time, learning behaviour and task-choice performance. It is shown that implicit motives measured by PSE are related with the criteria of task-choice performance. It is shown that both implicit motives measured by PSE and graphological variables deliver information about learning variables.

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Gruber, N. and Kreuzpointner, L. (2015) The Influence of Implicit Achievement Motive and Graphological Variables on Learning Variables. Psychology, 6, 1478-1485. doi: 10.4236/psych.2015.612145.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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