Corrosion Inhibition Properties of Norepinephrine Molecules on Mild Steel in Acidic Media


Inhibition performance of norepinephrine was investigated as corrosion inhibitors by Gravimetric technique and carried out with mild steel samples in 1 M hydrochloric acid solution at room temperature. Norepinephrine exhibited maximum efficiency of 79% at 500 mg/L. The results of Gravimetric studies revealed that the investigated compound acted as good corrosion inhibitor and the inhibition efficiencies increased with increase in the concentrations of the inhibitor IC. The experimental data complied with the Langmuir adsorption isotherm. Thermodynamic parameters, such as ΔGo, ΔHo, and ΔSo, were calculated using adsorption equilibrium constant obtained from the Langmuir isotherm. Results suggested that the norepinephrine adsorption on mild steel surface was a spontaneous and exothermic process. Scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate the mild steel surface at the highest corrosion inhibition studied concentration.

Share and Cite:

Rubaye, A. , Abdulsahib, H. and Abdulwahid, A. (2015) Corrosion Inhibition Properties of Norepinephrine Molecules on Mild Steel in Acidic Media. Journal of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences, 5, 155-164. doi: 10.4236/jeas.2015.53013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] El-Dahan, H.A., Soror, T.Y. and El-Sherif, R.M. (2005) Studies on the Inhibition of Aluminum Dissolution by Hexamine-Halide Blends. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 89, 260-267.
[2] Antonijevic, M.M. and Petrovic, M.B. (2008) Copper Corrosion Inhibitors. A Review. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 3, 1-28.
[3] Fallavena, T., Antonow, M. and Goncalves, R.S. (2006) Caffeine as Non Toxic Corrosion Inhibitor for Copper in Aqueous Solutions of Potassium Nitrate. Applied Surface Science, 253, 566-571.
[4] Rajendran, S., Vaibhavi, S., Anthony, N. and Trivedi, D.C. (2003) Transport of Inhibitors and Corrosion Inhibition Efficiency. Corosion Science, 59, 529-534.
[5] El-Etre, A.Y. (2008) Inhibition of C-Steel Corrosion in Acidic Solution Using the Aqueous Extract of Zallouh Root. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 108, 278-282.
[6] Christy, A.G., Lowe, A., Otieno-Alego, V., Stoll, M. and Webster, R.D. (2004) Voltammetric and Raman Microspectroscopic Studies on Artificial Copper Pits Grown in Simulated Potable Water. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 34, 225-233.
[7] Otmacic, H., Telegdi, J., Papp, K. and Stupnisek-Lisac, E. (2004) Protective Properties of an Inhibitor Layer Formed on Copper in Neutral Chloride Solution. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 34, 545-550.
[8] Ma, H., Chen, S., Niu, L., Zhao, S., Li, S. and Li, D. (2002) Inhibition of Copper Corrosion by Several Schiff Bases in Aerated Halide Solutions. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 32, 65-72.
[9] Zucchi, F., Trabanelli, G. and Fonsati, M. (1996) Tetrazole Derivatives as Corrosion Inhibitors for Copper in Chloride Solutions. Corrosion Science, 38, 2019-2029.
[10] Zucchi, F., Trabanelli, G. and Alagia, N. (1995) ACH-Models in Chemistry, 132, 579.
[11] Wang, C., Chen, S. and Zhao, S. (2004) Inhibition Effect of AC-Treated, Mixed Self-Assembled Film of Phenylthiourea and 1-Dodecanethiol on Copper Corrosion. Journal of Electrochemical Society, 151, B11-B15.
[12] Kendig, M. and Jeanjaquet, S. (2002) Cr(VI) and Ce(III) Inhibition of Oxygen Reduction on Copper. Journal of Electrochemical Society, 149, B47-B51.
[13] Ma, H.Y., Yang, C., Yin, B.S., Li, G.Y., Chen, S.H. and Luo, J.L. (2003) Electrochemical Characterization of Copper Surface Modified by n-Alkanethiols in Chloride-Containing Solutions. Applied Surface Science, 218, 144-154.
[14] Gomma, G.K. and Wahdan, M.H. (1994) Effect of Temperature on the Acidic Dissolution of Copper in the Presence of Amino Acids. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 39, 142-148.
[15] Khaled, K.F. and Hackerman, N. (2004) Ortho-Substituted Anilines to Inhibit Copper Corrosion in Aerated 0.5 M Hydrochloric Acid. Electrochimica Acta, 49, 485-495.
[16] Khamis, E., Bellucci, F., Latanision, R. and El Ashry, M. (1991) Acid Corrosion Inhibition of Nickel by 2-(Triphenos-phoranylidene) Succinic Anhydride. Corrosion, 47, 677-686.
[17] El Ashry, E.S.H., El Nemr, A., Esawy, S.A. and Ragab, S. (2006) Corrosion Inhibitors: Part II: Quantum Chemical Studies on the Corrosion Inhibitions of Steel in Acidic Medium by Some Triazole, Oxadiazole and Thiadiazole Derivatives. Electrochimica Acta, 51, 3957-3968.
[18] Growcock, F.B., Lopp, N.R. and Jasinski, R. (1988) Corrosion Protection of Oilfield Steel with 1-Phenyl-2-Propyn-1-Ol. Journal of Electrochemical Society, 135, 823-827.
[19] Bouklah, M., Hammouti, B., Lagrenée, M. and Bentiss, F. (2006) Thermodynamic Properties of 2,5-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3,4-oxadiazole as a Corrosion Inhibitor for Mild Steel in Normal Sulfuric Acid Medium. Corrosion Science, 48, 2831-2842.
[20] Wang, L., Yin, G.-J. and Yin, J.-G. (2001) 2-Mercaptothiazoline and Cetyl Pyridinium Chloride as Inhibitors for the Corrosion of a Low Carbon Steel in Phosphoric Acid. Corrosion Science, 43, 1197-1202.
[21] Rani, B.E.A. and Bas, B.B.J. (2011) Green Inhibitors for Corrosion Protection of Metals and Alloys: An Overview. International Journal of Corrosion, 2012, 1-15.
[22] Fouda, A.S., Elewady, G.Y., Shalabi, K. and Habbouba, S. (2014) Gibberellic Acid as Green Corrosion Inhibitor for Carbon Steel in Hydrochloric Acid Solutions. Journal of Materials and Environmental Science, 5, 767-778.
[23] Arthur, D.E., Jonathan, A., Ameh, P.O. and Anya, C. (2013) A Review on the Assessment of Polymeric Materials Used as Corrosion Inhibitor of Metals and Alloys. International Journal of Industrial Chemistry, 4, 1-9.
[24] Umoren, S.A., Eduok, U.M. and Oguzie, E.E. (2008) Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel in 1 M H2SO4 by Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone and Synergistic Iodide Additives. Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta, 26, 533-546.
[25] Mathiyamsu, J., Nebru, I.C., Subramania, P., Palaniswamy, N. and Rengaswamy, N.S. (2001) Synergistic Interaction of Indium and Gallium in the Activation of Aluminium Alloy in Aqueous Chloride Solution. Anticorrosion Methods and Materials, 48, 324-329.
[26] Obot, I.B., Obi-Egbedi, N.O., Umoren, S.A. and Ebenso, E.E. (2010) Synergistic and Antagonistic Effects of Anions and Ipomoea invulcrata as Green Corrosion Inhibitor for Aluminium Dissolution in Acidic Medium. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 5, 994-1007.
[27] Obi-Egbedi, N.O., Obot, I.B. and Umoren, S.A. (2012) Spondias mombin L. as a Green Corrosion Inhibitor for Aluminium in Sulphuric Acid: Correlation between Inhibitive Effect and Electronic Properties of Extracts Major Constituents Using Density Functional Theory. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 5, 361-373.
[28] Khalifa, O.R. and Abdallah, S.M. (2011) Corrosion Inhibition of Some Organic Compounds on Low Carbon Steel in Hydrochloric Acid Solution. Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta, 29, 47-56.
[29] Evans, U.R. (1976) The Corrosion and Oxidation of Metals. Hodder Arnold, London.
[30] Yaro, A.S., Khadom, A.A. and Wael, R.K. (2013) Apricot Juice as Green Corrosion Inhibitor of Mild Steel in Phosphoric Acid. Alexandria Engineering Journal, 52, 129-135.
[31] Shreir, L.L., Jarman, R.A. and Burstein, G.T. (1994) Corrosion Metal Environment Reaction. Butterworth-Heinemann, London, 4-160.
[32] Villamil, R.F.V., Corio, P., Agostinho, S.M.L. and Rubim, J.C. (1999) Effect of Sodium Dodecylsulfate on Copper Corrosion in Sulfuric Acid Media in the Absence and Presence of Benzotriazole. Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 472, 112-119.
[33] Trabanelli, G. (2006) Corrosion Inhibitors. In: Mansfeld, F., Ed., Corrosion Mechanism, Mercel Dekker, New York.
[34] Hmamou, D.B., Salghi, R., Zarrouk, A., Messali, M., Zarrok, H., Errami, M., Hammouti, B., Bazzi, L. and Chakir, A. (2012) Inhibition of Steel Corrosion in Hydrochloric Acid Solution by Chamomile Extract. Der Pharma Chemica, 4, 1496-1505.
[35] Bilgic, S. and Caliskan, N. (2001) An Investigation of Some Schiff Bases as Corrosion Inhibitors for Austenite Chromium-Nickel Steel in H2SO4. Journal of Applied Electrochemistry, 31, 79-83.
[36] Shockry, H., Yuasa, M., Sekine, I., Issa, R.M., Elbaradie, H.Y. and Gomma, G.K. (1998) Corrosion Inhibition of Mild Steel by Schiff Base Compounds in Various Aqueous Solutions: Part I. Corrosion Science, 40, 2173-2186.
[37] Acharya, S. and Upadhyay, S.N. (2004) The Inhibition of Corrosion of Mild Steel by Some Flouroquinolones in Sodium Chloride Solution. Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 57, 297-306.
[38] Tang, L.B., Mu, G.N. and Liu, G.H. (2003)The Effect of Neutral Red on the Corrosion Inhibition of Cold Rolled Steel in 1.0 M Hydrochloric Acid. Corrosion Science, 45, 2251-2262.
[39] Zhao, T.P. and Mu, G.N. (1999) The Adsorption and Corrosion Inhibition of Anion Surfactants on Aluminium Surface in Hydrochloric Acid. Corrosion Science, 41, 1937-1944.
[40] Rajendran, S., Joanyb, R.M., Apparao, B.V. and Palaniswamyd, N. (2000) Synergistic Effect of Calcium Gluconate and Zn2+ on the Inhibition of Corrosion of Mild Steel in Neutral Aqueous Environment. Transaction of the SAEST, 35, 113-117.
[41] Oguzie, E.E. (2005) Inhibition of Acid Corrosion of Mild Steel by Telfaria occidentalis Extract. Pigment and Resin Technology, 34, 321-326.
[42] Arab, S.T. and Turkustuni, A.M. (2006) Corrosion Inhibition of Steel in Phosphoric Acid by Phenacyldimethyl Sulfonium Bromide and Some of Its p-Substituted Derivatives. Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta, 24, 53-69.
[43] Mu, G.N., Li, X.M. and Li, F. (2004) Synergistic Inhibition between o-Phenanthroline and Chloride Ion on Cold Rolled Steel Corrosion in Phosphoric Acid. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 86, 59-68.
[44] Badiea, A.M. and Mohana, K.N. (2009) Effect of Temperature and Fluid Velocity on Corrosion Mechanism of Low Carbon Steel in Presence of 2-Hydrazino-4,7-dimethylbenzothiazole in Industrial Water Medium. Corrosion Science, 51, 2231-2241.
[45] Elachouri, M., Hajji, M.S., Salem, M., Kertit, S., Aride, J., Coudert, R. and Essassi, E. (1996) Some Nonionic Surfactants as Inhibitors of the Corrosion of Iron in Acid Chloride Solutions. Corrosion, 52, 103-108.
[46] Donahue, F.M. and Nobe, K. (1965) Theory of Organic Corrosion Inhibitors: Adsorption and Linear Free Energy Relationships. Journal of Electrochemical Society, 112, 886-891.
[47] Al Hamzi, A.H., Zarrok, H., Zarrouk, A., Salghi, R., Hammouti, B., Al-Deyab, S.S., Bouachrine, M., Amine, A. and Guenoun, F. (2013) The Role of Acridin-9(10H)-One in the Inhibition of Carbon Steel Corrosion: Thermodynamic, Electrochemical and DFT Studies. International Journal of Electrochemical Science, 8, 2586-2605.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.