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Slow Gamma Activity of Local Field Potentials (LFP) in the Freely Moving Rat Relates to Movement

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DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2015.510040    2,115 Downloads   2,533 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Quantitative assessment of local field potentials by means of Fast Fourier Transformation (FFT) results in the so-called power density spectrum. Within this spectrum particular frequency ranges are defined in order to relate these to behavior. Frequencies above 35 Hz are generally labeled as gamma oscillations, especially as low gamma (40 - 55 Hz) or high gamma (70 - 100 Hz). In order to learn more about this feature, we implanted a set of 4 bipolar concentric steel electrodes in frontal cortex, hippocampus, striatum and midbrain reticular formation of 10 rats. After recovery, field potentials were recorded and wirelessly transmitted to our computer for frequency analysis. At the same time, motion was registered during the whole experimental period of 5.75 hours. Results revealed that low gamma activity only emerged when the animal moved—at least his head. FFT of the data showed—besides other frequencies—a slow gamma activity peaking around 47 Hz pre-dominantly within the striatum, less in frontal cortex and reticular formation and nearly none in the hippocampus. Spectral analysis was performed for single epochs of 4 seconds and all 15 minutes intervals. Correlation analysis of these intervals was done to motion data. All rats showed a highly significant correlation between gamma activity and movement. We therefore conclude from these experiments that this slow gamma activity of the field potentials is not only related to movement, but possibly part of the general neuronal coding of movement.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Dimpfel, W. and Schombert, L. (2015) Slow Gamma Activity of Local Field Potentials (LFP) in the Freely Moving Rat Relates to Movement. Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, 5, 420-429. doi: 10.4236/jbbs.2015.510040.

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