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Multiple Node Placement Strategy for Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks

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DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2015.78009    7,951 Downloads   8,827 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

The advances in recent technology have lead to the development of wireless sensor nodes forming a wireless network, which over the years is used from military application to industry, household, medical etc. The deployment pattern of sensor nodes in Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) is always random for most of the applications. Such technique will lead to ineffective utilization of the network; for example fewer nodes are located at far distance and dense nodes are located at some reason and part of the region may be without the surveillance of any node, where the networks do consume additional energy or even may not transfer the data. The proposed work is intended to develop the optimized network by effective placement of nodes in circular and grid pattern, which we call as uniformity of nodes to be compared with random placement of nodes. Each of the nodes is in optimized positions at uniform distance with neighbors, followed by running a energy efficient routing algorithm that saves an additional energy further to provide connectivity management by connecting all the nodes. Simulation results are compared with the random placement of nodes, the residual energy of a network, lifetime of a network, energy consumption of a network shows a definite improvement for uniform network as that of with the random network.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Bendigeri, K. and Mallapur, J. (2015) Multiple Node Placement Strategy for Efficient Routing in Wireless Sensor Networks. Wireless Sensor Network, 7, 101-112. doi: 10.4236/wsn.2015.78009.

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