Spread of Phytophthora capsici in Black Pepper (Piper nigrum) in Vietnam

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DOI: 10.4236/eng.2015.78047    4,819 Downloads   6,573 Views   Citations
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ABSTRACT

Black pepper is the one of most important export products in Vietnam. As the largest exporter, Vietnam’s pepper commodities account for 58% of total worldwide exporters. However, Vietnam’s pepper production is dealing with disease problems, especially foot rot/quick death infected by Phytophthora capsici. The disease results in serious and rapid spread and infection in Vietnam, with yearly reduction of about 2% of total pepper area. Disease management is recently challenging scientists and producers. Investigating characteristics of Phytophthora capsici and causes, therefore, play a significant role in treatment. This paper has indicated three main causes, which contribute to serious infection and outbreak of Phytophthora capsici; they are biological characteristics, climatic condition and cultivation. To control this disease, early detection and prevention are the best ways to manage disease. Finding new varieties, which are Phytophthora capsici tolerance or resistance, is significant in black pepper production worldwide.

Cite this paper

Nguyen, V. (2015) Spread of Phytophthora capsici in Black Pepper (Piper nigrum) in Vietnam. Engineering, 7, 506-513. doi: 10.4236/eng.2015.78047.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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