Environmental Impacts of Rice Cultivation


This paper describes the major environmental aspects related to the cultivation of rice. Rice is one of the most important agricultural products and it is cultivated in almost all countries in the world. Its production requires usually large flooded areas. Under these conditions, many greenhouse gases are generated, such as carbon dioxide, methane, nitrogen oxides and its derivatives. Cultivation of rice is responsible by the release of relevant amounts of these gases and contributes decisively to global warming. In this sense, the major points described here are general environmental aspects, the mechanisms of production of greenhouse gases, bioremediation, mitigation using other techniques and possible improvements of the cultivation by fertilizers and chemicals.

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de Miranda, M. , Fonseca, M. , Lima, A. , de Moraes, T. and Aparecido Rodrigues, F. (2015) Environmental Impacts of Rice Cultivation. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 2009-2018. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.612201.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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