Safety Culture, Policies and Practices in Nigerian Maritime Industry: The Exxon-Mobil Experience

DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2015.53009   PDF   HTML   XML   6,229 Downloads   7,181 Views   Citations

Abstract

Over the years, issues on safety culture and policies in maritime industry have received widespread research attention. Some maritime firms have even gone further to anchor their safety policies on learned corporate culture. However, whether these policies are fully embraced and complied with by seamen is a different kettle of fish altogether. This study therefore, examines safety culture, policies and practices in Nigerian maritime industry with a view to ascertaining: the extent of freight men’ awareness and compliance to safety policies, identifying hindrances to conformity with safety policies and practices, and determining intervention options that management of Exxon-Mobil could use to foster safety compliance. The study adopts a survey approach, with structured questionnaire, and gathering primary data from seamen onboard. The findings reveal that workers are aware of the various safety policies and practices put in place by management, but adherence is impeded by several factors-inadequate staff strength, crew fatigue, and poor wages. Others include contract labour, inadequate safety training, complacency, and high risk tolerance. Surprisingly, improper handover and supervisory interference were not potent enough to hinder compliance with safety regulations at sea.

Share and Cite:

Efiok, J. , Oluseye, O. , Uduak, T. and Olalekan, R. (2015) Safety Culture, Policies and Practices in Nigerian Maritime Industry: The Exxon-Mobil Experience. Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology, 5, 69-76. doi: 10.4236/ojsst.2015.53009.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Schein, E.H. (2004) Organizational Culture and Leadership. 3rd Edition, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
[2] Dess, M., Lumpkin, K. and Eisner, B. (2000) Business Strategy and Performance in Malaysian SMEs: A Recent Survey. Malaysian Management Review, 24, 1-10.
[3] Horck, J. (2004) An Analysis of Decision-Making Processes in Multicultural Maritime Scenarios. Maritime Policy Management, 31, 15-29.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03088830310001642021
[4] Frank, W.L. (2005) Essential Elements of a Sound Safety Culture. Process Plant Safety Symposium, Atlanta.
[5] Bloor, M. and Sampson, H. (2009) Regulatory Enforcement of Labor Standards in an Outsourcing Globalized Industry: The Case of the Shipping Industry. Work Employment and Society, 23, 711-726.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0950017009344915
[6] Kanev, D. (2005) Seaborne Trade Effects of International Terrorism and Effectiveness of the Anti-Terrorist Policy. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 40, 594-601.
[7] Håvold, J. (2007) National Cultures and Safety Orientation: A Study of Seafarers Working for Norwegian Shipping Companies. Work & Stress, 21, 173-195.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02678370701424594
[8] Kohn, J.P. and Mark, A.F. (1996) Fundamental of Occupational Safety and Health. Rockville.
[9] Mansell, J. (2009) Choice of Flag State. Flag State Responsibility. Journal of Safety Research, 37, 401-411.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-92933-8_7
[10] Barsan, E., Surugiu, F. and Dragomir, C. (2012) Factors of Human Resources Competitiveness in Maritime Transport. International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, 6, 126-130.
[11] Hänninen, M. (2008) Analysis of Human and Organizational Factors in Marine Traffic Risk Modeling (Literature Review). Helsinki University of Technology, Helsinki.
[12] Magramo, M. and Gellada, L. (2009) A Noble Profession Called Seafaring: The Making of an Officer. International Journal on Marine Navigation and Safety of Sea Transportation, 23, 124-154.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/9780203869345.ch113
[13] Bloor, M., Datta, R. Gilinsky, Y. and Horlick-Jones, T. (2006) Unicorn among the Cedars: On the Possibility of Effective Smart Regulation of the Globalised Shipping Industry. Social and Legal Studies, 15, 537-554.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0964663906069546
[14] Baylon, A. and Santos, V. (2011) The Challenges in Philippine Maritime Education and Training. International Journal of Innovative Interdisciplinary Research, 1, 349-356.
[15] Lane, T. (1997) Globalization, Deregulation and Crew Competence in World Shipping in McConville, James (Edit). Transport Regulation Matters, London.
[16] Ding, J. and Liang, G. (2005) The Choices of Employing Seafarers for the National Ship-Owners in Taiwan: An Empirical Study. Maritime Policy & Management, 32, 123-137.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09523980500062643
[17] Sekaran, U. (2001) Research Methods for Business: A Skills Building Approach. 2nd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York.
[18] Galam, R. (2011) Navigating Lives: The Spatio temporality of the Gender Identity, Agency and Subjectivity of Filipino Seamen’s Wives. Ph.D. Thesis, Cardiff University, Cardiff.
[19] Benton, G. (2005) Multicultural Crews and the Culture of Globalization. The International Association of Maritime Universities (IAMU) 6th Annual General Assembly and Conference, Malmö.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.