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Gastric Neoplasia during Anti-TNF Therapy for Crohn’s Disease: Casual Event?

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DOI: 10.4236/jct.2015.68081    2,973 Downloads   3,411 Views  

ABSTRACT

The increase risk of cancer development in patients with inflammatory intestinal disease (IBD) has already studied for decades. The anti-TNF therapy has changed the treatment strategy of IBD. By using on a larger scale and for a longer time, the anti-TNF raised concern over its potential adverse events. A male Crohn’s disease (CD) patient, 55 years old, diagnosed for nine years, treated with infliximab for 6 years. In 2011, he underwent a nupper endoscopy (UE) which showed flat erosive gastritis with moderate intensity in antrum, gastric polyps and gastric erosion. Pathological examination revealed a chronic gastritis in erosive activity and search for Helicobacter pylori resulted positive. In May 2014, the patient was asymptomatic, when it held UE, which showed suggestive lesion of early gastric cancer, measuring 1.5 cm and search for Helicobacter pylori negative. Histopathological exams confirmed the adenocarcinoma. The patient underwent to a laparoscopic surgery (total gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy and reconstruction Roux-en-Y). Risk factors for the development of gastric cancer in general population are already well defined. However studying a possible association among CD and the different therapeutic modalities used in the treatment of this disease with gastric cancer appearance is important to set specific assessment strategies, prevention and follow-up. While there is no consensus on a proper monitoring for gastric cancer prevention in these patients, individualized conduct, taking into account individual characteristics, family record and other risk factors, should be adopted to avoid unfavorable outcomes in CD patients.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Fortes, F. , Silva, B. , Silva, B. , Lyra, M. , Pimentel, A. and Santana, G. (2015) Gastric Neoplasia during Anti-TNF Therapy for Crohn’s Disease: Casual Event?. Journal of Cancer Therapy, 6, 743-747. doi: 10.4236/jct.2015.68081.

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