Three Year Community Based Intervention for Chronic Disease Prevention in Epidemiological and Political Transition Context: Example of Tunisia
Jihen Maatoug1*, Imed Harrabi1, Rafika Gaha1, Larbi Chaieb2, Nejib Mrizek3, Souad Amimi4, Lamia Boughammoura5, Gouider Jeridi6, Habib Gamra7, Hassen Ghannem1
1Department of Epidemiology, University Hospital Farhat Hached, Sousse, Tunisia.
2Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital Farhat Hached, Sousse, Tunisia.
3Department of Occupational Medicine, University Hospital Farhat Hached, Sousse, Tunisia.
4Group of Occupational Health of Sousse, Sousse, Tunisia.
5Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Farhat Hached, Sousse, Tunisia.
6Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Farhat Hached, Sousse, Tunisia.
7Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Fattouma Bourguiba, Monastir, Tunisia.
DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.58036   PDF   HTML   XML   2,852 Downloads   3,709 Views   Citations


Objective: Our aim was to determine the effectiveness, feasibility, and necessary cultural adaptations of evidence-based interventions directed at tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity in adults and children in three different sectors: workplace, neighborhood and schools. Materials and Methods: We conducted in Sousse, Tunisia an interventional study through a quasi-experimental design (pre-post with intervention and control groups) to prevent non communicable disease risk factors. The intervention group included different settings and pre and post assessment concerned independent groups (schools with 1929 and 2170 participants, workplaces with 914 and 1098 participants and community with 940 and 1001 participants respectively at pre and post assessment). It was located in the delegation of Sousse Jawhara and Sousse Erriadh. The control group with similar settings (schools with 2074 and 2105 participants, workplaces with 861 and 1015 and community with 940 and 976 participants respectively at pre and post assessment) was located in the delegation of Msaken from the region of Sousse. Results: Tobacco use decreased among neighborhood (26.2% to 23.2%, p = 0.13) workplace (39.2% to 37.5%, p = 0.43) and schools (5.7% to 4.8%, p = 0.19) participants. In control group, it increased significantly in schools and neighborhood. Participants who consumed five fruits and vegetables daily increased significantly in all settings in intervention group (from 30% to 33.2% in schools, 47.5% to 52.1% in workplace and 39.4% to 58.4% in neighborhood). However in control group it increased only in schools and neighborhood. An improvement in physical activity practice was seen both in intervention and control group among adults participants but not in schools. Conclusion: The “Together in Health” project for the prevention of risk factors for NCD is an example of a loco-regional initiative. Such initiatives can only be beneficial with a structure organized by the government.

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Maatoug, J. , Harrabi, I. , Gaha, R. , Chaieb, L. , Mrizek, N. , Amimi, S. , Boughammoura, L. , Jeridi, G. , Gamra, H. and Ghannem, H. (2015) Three Year Community Based Intervention for Chronic Disease Prevention in Epidemiological and Political Transition Context: Example of Tunisia. Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, 5, 321-329. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.2015.58036.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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