Effect of Early Cumulus Cell Removal on the Fertilization and Clinical Outcome in Human in Vitro Fertilization

DOI: 10.4236/arsci.2015.33006   PDF   HTML   XML   2,435 Downloads   2,942 Views   Citations

Abstract

The short-term insemination technique has been widely applied, although it is not clear whether the mechanical desorption of cumulus cells can affect normal fertilization and birth outcomes. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate whether early cumulus cell removal could affect in vitro fertilization outcomes. Based on a history of infertility and semen analysis, 61 patients were identified, and the cumulus cells were mechanically removed at either6 h post-insemination (Group A, 387 mature oocytes) or 18 - 20 h post-insemination as traditional in vitro fertilization (Group B, 424 mature oocytes). There were no significant differences in the rates of fertilization, available embryos, high quality embryos, birth, premature birth, pregnancy, or implantation when we compared the two groups. However, Group A exhibited a significantly higher polyspermy rate, and significantly lower rates of blastocyst formation and high-quality blastocyst formation, compared with Group B. Therefore, the results of present study indicate that early cumulus cell removal (at 6 h post-insemination) may negatively affect the rates of polyspermy, blastocyst formation, and high-quality blastocyst formation.

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Liu, J. , Chen, M. , Lin, C. , Weng, X. , Meng, Z. and Tang, W. (2015) Effect of Early Cumulus Cell Removal on the Fertilization and Clinical Outcome in Human in Vitro Fertilization. Advances in Reproductive Sciences, 3, 50-56. doi: 10.4236/arsci.2015.33006.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

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