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Surface Treatments of Natural Fibres—A Review: Part 1

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DOI: 10.4236/ojpchem.2015.53005    5,045 Downloads   6,462 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

This review is based on the surface treatment of natural fibres which can be used in technical applications. Natural fibres on their own have some draw backs regarding moisture uptake, quality variations, low thermal stability, and poor wettability. Insufficient adhesion between polymer matrix and fibre leads in time to debonding. Overcoming the weaknesses of these natural fibres gave the motivation for this study where physical and chemical methods of modification were considered. Physical methods such as electric discharge and mercerization were reported as well as the chemical methods such as graft copolymerization and treatment with isocyanates, and the results due to these modifications were discussed. This study reveals that natural fibres are good candidates for reinforcement but they have to be suitably treated to improve their properties if they are to be used in technical applications. The various fibre surface treatments actually improve the interfacial adhesion between the fibre surface and the matrix, thereby giving good mechanical properties to the resulted polymer composites.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Adekunle, K. (2015) Surface Treatments of Natural Fibres—A Review: Part 1. Open Journal of Polymer Chemistry, 5, 41-46. doi: 10.4236/ojpchem.2015.53005.

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