A New Paradigm for Metallic Alloys in Materials Science

DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2015.57025   PDF   HTML   XML   5,547 Downloads   6,160 Views   Citations


In the article, taking into account the phase transition “ordering-phase separation” discovered in alloys, new concepts about the diffusion phase transformations in alloys are formulated: chemical interaction between dissimilar atoms exists always in all alloys and at any temperature of heating; alloys offer a surprising and not previously known property of changing the sign of the chemical interaction between dissimilar atoms at a change of the temperature or composition of alloys; diffusion processes occurring in alloys at different temperatures depend on the sign and the absolute magnitude of the energy of the chemical interaction between dissimilar atoms. All these three concepts are analyzed in detail, by the example of Ni-based and Co-based binary alloys using experimental results obtained by transmission electron microscopy. It is shown, on these ideas, how to carry out heat treatment of alloys more rationally, what principles should underpinned in the base of the construction of phase diagrams, how the microstructures of ordering and phase separation affect some properties of alloys.

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Ustinovshikov, Y. (2015) A New Paradigm for Metallic Alloys in Materials Science. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 5, 244-270. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2015.57025.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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