The Study of Occupational Stress and Its Relationship with Knowledge Management Based on HSE Model


The present study aimed to examine the relationship between knowledge management and stress in Zahedan University of Medical Sciences. The statistical population included all faculty members (N = 376) among whom 190 individuals were selected using Morgan’s table. This study was conducted using a descriptive survey method. To collect data, two questionnaires including Knowledge Management Survey (Rafati et al., 2008) and Occupational Stress Questionnaire developed by England Institute of Health and Safety (2004) were used. These questionnaire’s reliability coefficients were 0.89 and 0.78, respectively. To analyze the obtained data, SPSS software version 18 was used. To determine the distribution of the sample, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used and to investigate the relationship between knowledge management and stress, Pearson’s correlation was applied. The results of the latter confirmed that there was a significant positive correlation between knowledge management and stress. Other words, it can be stated that enhancing knowledge management normally increased stress.

Share and Cite:

Kord, H. , Damani, F. and Parvaresh, A. (2015) The Study of Occupational Stress and Its Relationship with Knowledge Management Based on HSE Model. Creative Education, 6, 1416-1427. doi: 10.4236/ce.2015.612142.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Armstrong, M. (Translated by: Arabi, M., & Yazdi, D.) (2002). Human Resources Management. Tehran: Cultural Research Office Publication, 55.
[2] Barkhordar, F. (2010). Relationship between Human Resource Management and Knowledge Management. Journal of Information Science, 16.
[3] Brissette, I., Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S. (2002). The Role of Optimism in Social Network Development, Coping, and Psychological Adjustment during a Life Transition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 102-111.
[4] Bromand, Z. (1995). Organizational Behavior Management. Tehran: PNU.
[5] Bushy, A., Stanton, M., & Freeman, H. (2004). The Effects of a Stress Management Program on Knowledge and Perceived Self-efficacy among Participants from a Faith Community: A Pilot Study. Online Journal of Rural Nursing and Health Care, 4, 52-60.
[6] Cordon, M. (1997). Stress. Northridge, CA: California State University.
[7] Cox, T. H. (1993). Cultural Diversity in Organizations: Theory, Research, and Practice. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
[8] Craig, N., Sommerville, J., & McCarney, M. (2004) Knowledge Management as a Stress Mediator. Association of Researchers in Construction Management (ARCOM) (pp. 469-476). Edinburgh: Heriot Watt University.
[9] Elliott, D. S. (1993). Health-Enhancing and Health-Compromising Lifestyles. In S. G. Millstein, A. C. Petersen, & E. O. Nightingale (Eds.), Promoting the Health of Adolescents: New Directions for the Twenty-First Century (pp. 119-145). New York: Oxford University Press.
[10] Fakhimi, F. (2002). Occupational Pressure and Confliction in an Organization and Ways of Coping with Them. Tehran: HavaieTaze Publication.
[11] Gerald, B. (2001). Information Alchemy: The Art and Science of Knowledge Management. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
[12] Health and Safety Executive (HSE) (2001). Temporary/Permanent Pipe Repair—Guidelines. Liverpool: HSE.
[13] Health and Safety Executive (HSE) (2004). Health and Safety Statistics 2004/5.
[14] Health and Safety Executive (HSE) (2009). A Guide to Safety and Health Regulation in Great Britain (4th ed.). Liverpool: HSE.
[15] Jafari Moghadam, S. (2006). Documentation of Managers’ Experiences Considering Knowledge Management Perspective. Tehran: Institute of Research and Management Training Administration affiliated to the Ministry of Energy.
[16] Koulopoulos, T. M., & Frappaolo, C. (2000). Smart Things to Know about Knowledge Management. Oxford, UK: Capstone Publishing Limited.
[17] Lytras, M. D., Pouloudi, A., & Poulymenakou, A. (2002). Knowledge Management Convergence—Expanding Learning Frontiers. Journal of Knowledge Management, 6, 40-51.
[18] Mirkamali, S. M. (1996). Mental Stress in the Organization and Management. Knowledge Management, 39-40, 44.
[19] Moharramzadeh, M., Ameri, H. S., & Asadi, F. (2009). Investigating the Relationship between Organizational Culture and Knowledge Management in Physical Education Offices of West Azerbaijan Province. Journal, 17, 48.
[20] Najafi, A. (2011). Knowledge Workers Productivity and Stress Management in the Irancell Company. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 5, 1412-1417.
[21] Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The Knowledge Creating Company: How Japanese Companies Create The Dynamics Of Innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.
[22] Olovi, S. A. A. (1993). Occupational Pressure and Stress. Journal of Public Management, 4-20.
[23] Palmer, S., Cooper, C., & Thomas, K. (2004). A Model of Work Stress. Counselling at Work, 2-5.
[24] Rafati Shaldehi, H., Hosnavi, R. R., Behazin, F., & Banitaba, S. A. (2008). The Model of Knowledge Management Process in a Military Research Center. Journal of Military Medicine, 10, 237-252.
[25] Rathus, S. (Translated by: Ebrahimi Moghaddam, H., et al.) (2007). General Psychology (pp. 127-131). Tehran: Savalan Publication.
[26] Sarabi, E., & Ismaeeli, H. (2007). Knowledge Management Experience in Water and Wastewater Company KhorasanRazavi. The First National Conference on Knowledge Management. Tehran: Institute of Oil, Gas and Petrochemical, Research Institute and Management Training.
[27] Selye, H. (1980). The Stress Concept Today. In I. L. Kutash et al. (Eds.), Handbook on Stress and Anxiety. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
[28] Shanhong, T. (2004). Knowledge Management in Libraries in the Twenty-First Century. Journal of Science Relationship, 3, 72-77.
[29] Zargar, M. (2004). Principles and Concepts of Technology (3rd ed.). Tehran: Behineh Publication.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.