Impact of Admission Hyperglycemia on Stroke-Associated Pneumoniain Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage: A Retrospective Observational Study


Background: Hyperglycemia is always seen amongst acute intra-cerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and usually has been reported in literature and studied in relation to mortality and poor recovery. However, literature specific to stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP) on this topic is very small. Further, how to differentiate the predictive value of hyperglycemia with and without abnormal HbA1C in such patients is still a matter of debate and no universal consensus. We evaluated hyperglycemia as a marker for SAP in patients with ICH to assess its usefulness as a potential predictor. Materials and methods: Clinical characteristics for a sample of 551 patients with acute ICH were collected from the Beijing Tiantan Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Possible associated risk factors of SAP were reviewed. Hyperglycemia and HbA1C on admission were the main hypothetic predictor, SAP occurring within the first 7 days is the primary outcome. Results: The cohort study includes 551 hospitalized patients. The prevalence of hyperglycemia was 52.5% and SAP occurred in 147 (26.7%). The incidence of SAP was higher in the group with hyperglycemia than those without hyperglycemia (37.7% versus 14.5%, p < 0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analyses showed the SAP was significantly associated with hyperglycemia (OR, 2.48; 95% CI, 2.37 - 5.72), in the subgroup analysis we found hyperglycemia with normal HgbA1C level (<6.5) had been shown to be significantly associated with increased incidence of SAP (OR, 3.86; 95%CI, 2.98 - 6.72), however, hyperglycemia with high HgbA1C level (>6.5) (OR, 1.57; 95%CI, 0.81 - 3.23) had not been shown to be associated with SAP. Conclusions: In this hospital-based cohort of patients presenting with acute intra-hemorrhage, hyperglycemia on admission was associated significantly with SAP. The association was stronger for hyperglycemia with normal HgbA1C than for hyperglycemia with high HgbA1C. Hyperglycemia with normal HgbA1C might be a more sensitive predictor of early acute complication, such as SAP.

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Ren, T. , Yuan, B. , Yang, T. , Li, J. , Chi, N. , Ren, Q. , Shi, H. , Yu, D. , Shan, K. , Li, L. and Dong, X. (2015) Impact of Admission Hyperglycemia on Stroke-Associated Pneumoniain Acute Cerebral Hemorrhage: A Retrospective Observational Study. Open Journal of Emergency Medicine, 3, 1-8. doi: 10.4236/ojem.2015.31001.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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