Changes of Essential Mineral Elements Contents in Response to Cu2+ Treatment in Sagittaria sagittifolia

DOI: 10.4236/jep.2015.67063   PDF   HTML   XML   2,082 Downloads   2,439 Views  


Changes of various mineral elements (P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, Zn and Na) contents in roots and leaves of S. sagittifolia were studied with treatment of different Cu2+ concentrations (5 μM, 10 μM, 20 μM and 40 μM) after 15 days. The results showed that: 1) Cu accumulated in roots of S. sagittifolia in large quantities, while Cu content in leaves showed no significant change; 2) It can be seen from the changes of macroelements that Cu2+ treatments had inhibited the absorption of P, K, Ca, Mg in roots of S. sagittifolia, but the contents of P, K and Mg in leaves were higher than those in the roots in all Cu2+ treatment groups; 3) It can be seen from the changes of microelements that Cu2+ treatment promoted the absorption of Fe, inhibited absorption of Mn, Zn and Na in roots of S. sagittifolia, and hindered the transport of various micro-elements from roots to leaves. In all the Cu2+ treatment groups, contents of Fe, Mn, Zn and Na in leaves were lower than those in the roots; 4) The critical concentration of Cu2+ to S. sagittifolia was 5 μM. It could be seen from the above results that exogenous added Cu2+ of different concentrations broke the balance of various mineral elements in S. sagittifolia, which would exert a significant impact on numerous metabolic pathways and physiological processes.

Share and Cite:

Xu, X. , Xu, Y. , Chi, Y. , Wang, P. and Shi, G. (2015) Changes of Essential Mineral Elements Contents in Response to Cu2+ Treatment in Sagittaria sagittifolia. Journal of Environmental Protection, 6, 700-709. doi: 10.4236/jep.2015.67063.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Dewez, D., Geoffroy, L., Vernet, G. and Popovic, R. (2005) Determination of Photosynthetic and Enzymatic Biomarkers Sensitivity Used to Evaluate Toxic Effects of Copper and Fludioxonil in Alga Scenedesmus obliquus. Aquatic toxicology, 74, 150-159.
[2] Xiang, H. and Yu, X.Y. (2009) Toxic Effect of Copper Pollution on Water and Hydrophyte. Hunan Agricultural Sciences, 11, 54-56.
[3] Duman, F. (2012) Uptake of Mineral Elements during Abiotic Stress. In: Duman, F., Ed., Abiotic Stress Responses in Plants, Springer, New York, 267-281.
[4] Kovácik, J., Klejdus, B., Hedbavny, J., Stork, F. and Backor, M. (2009) Comparison of Cadmium and Copper Effect on Phenolic Metabolism, Mineral Nutrients and Stress-Related Parameters in Matricaria chamomilla Plants. Plant and Soil, 320, 231-242.
[5] Han, R.M., Lefèvre, I., Ruan, C.J., Beukelaers, N., Qin, P. and Lutts, S. (2012) Effects of Salinity on the Response of the Wetland Halophyte Kosteletzkya virginica (L.) Presl. to Copper Toxicity. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 223, 1137-1150.
[6] Cambrollé, J., Mancilla-Leytón, J.M., Muñoz-Vallés, S., Luque, T. and Figueroa, M.E. (2012) Tolerance and Accumulation of Copper in the Salt-Marsh Shrub Halimione portulacoides. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 64, 721-728.
[7] Zhang, D.J., Li, C.X., Zhang, Z.J., Jiang, L.N. and Shao, Y. (2010) DNA Damage, Copper Distribution and Element Contents in Wheat Exposed to Copper. Proceedings of the 2nd Conference on Environmental Science and Information Application Technology, Wuhan, 17-18 July 2010, 522-525.
[8] Manivasagaperumal, R., Vijayarengan, P., Balamurugan, S. and Thiyagarajan, G. (2011) Effect of Copper on Growth, Dry Matter Yield and Nutrient Content of Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek. Journal of Phytology, 3, 3-62.
[9] Karimi, P., Khavari-Nejad, R.A., Niknam, V., Ghahremaninejad, F. and Najafi, F. (2012) The Effects of Excess Copper on Antioxidative Enzymes, Lipid Peroxidation, Proline, Chlorophyll and Concentration of Mn, Fe and Cu in Astragalus neo-mobayenii. The Scientific World Journal, 2012, Article ID: 615670.
[10] Seregin, I.V. and Ivanov, V.B. (2001) Physiological Aspects of Cadmium and Lead Toxic Effects on Higher Plants. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology, 48, 523-544.
[11] Ali, M.B., Chun, H.S., Kim, B.K. and Lee, C.B. (2002) Cadmium-Induced Changes in Antioxidant Enzyme Activities in Rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Dongjin). Journal of Plant Biology, 45, 134-140.
[12] Mateos-Naranjo, E., Redondo-Gómez, S., Cambrollé, J. and Figueroa, M.E. (2008) Growth and Photosynthetic Responses to Copper Stress of an Invasive Cordgrass, Spartina densiflora. Marine Environmental Research, 66, 459-465.
[13] Tyler, G. (1976) Heavy Metal Pollution, Phosphatase Activity and Mineralization of Organic Phosphorous in Forest Soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 8, 327-332.
[14] Wallace, A. and Cha, J.W. (1989) Interactions Involving Copper Toxicity and Phosphorus Deficiency in Bush Bean Plants Grown in Solutions of Low and High pH. Soil Science, 147, 430-431.
[15] Pan, R.Z., Wang, X.J. and Li, N.H. (2012) Mineral Nutrition of Plants. In: Pan, R.Z., Ed., Plant Physiology, 7th Edition, Higher Education Publishing Company, Beijing, 36-55.
[16] Rouphael, Y., Cardarelli, M., Rea, E. and Colla, G. (2008) Grafting of Cucumber as a Means to Minimize Copper Toxicity. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 63, 49-58.
[17] Lequeux, H., Hermans, C., Lutts, S. and Verbruggen, N. (2010) Response to Copper Excess in Arabidopsis thaliana: Impact on the Root System Architecture, Hormone Distribution, Lignin Accumulation and Mineral Profile. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 48, 673-682.
[18] Xu, Q.S., Qiu, H., Chu, W.Y., Fu, Y.Y., Cai, S.J., Min, H.L. and Sha, S. (2013) Copper Ultrastructural Localization, Subcellular Distribution, and Phytotoxicity in Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20, 8672-8679.
[19] Ouzounidou, G. (1994) Copper-Induced Changes on Growth, Metal Content and Photosynthetic Function of Alyssum montanum L. Plants. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 34, 165-172.
[20] Perfus-Barbeoch, L., Leonhardt, N., Vavasseur, A. and Forestier, C. (2002) Heavy Metal Toxicity: Cadmium Permeates through Calcium Channels and Disturbs the Plant Water Status. The Plant Journal, 32, 539-548.
[21] Inoue, H., Kudo, T., Kamada, H., Kimura, M., Yamaguchi, I. and Hamamoto, H. (2005) Copper Elicits an Increase in Cytosolic Free Calcium in Cultured Tobacco Cells. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 43, 1089-1094.
[22] Min, H.L., Cai, S.J., Rui, Z., Sha, S., Xie, K.B. and Xu, Q.S. (2013) Calcium-Mediated Enhancement of Copper Tolerance in Elodea Canadensis. Biologia Plantarum, 57, 365-369.
[23] Guerra, F., Duplessis, S., Kohler, A., Martin, F., Tapia, J., Lebed, P., Zamudio, F. and González, E. (2009) Gene Expression Analysis of Populus deltoides Roots Subjected to Copper Stress. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 67, 335-344.
[24] Weng, N.Y., Zhou, D.M., Wu, J. and Wang, P. (2011) Uptake, Subcellular Distributions of Cu, Cd and Mineral Elements, and Plant Growth for Wheat Seedlings under Stress of Cu and Cd as Affected by Temperature. Asian Journal of Ecotoxicology, 6, 607-616.
[25] Hulagur, B.F. and Dangarwala, R.T. (1982) Effect of Zinc, Copper and Phosphorus Fertilization on the Uptake of Iron, Manganese and Molybdenum by Hybrid Maize. Madras Agricultural Journal, 69, 11-16.
[26] Lidon, F.C. and Henriques, F.S. (1992) Copper Toxicity in Rice: Diagnostic Criteria and Effect on Tissue Mn and Fe. Soil Science, 154, 130-135.
[27] Luo, Y.M. and Rimmer, D.L. (1995) Zinc-Copper Interaction Affecting Plant Growth on a Metal-Contaminated Soil. Environmental Pollution, 88, 79-83.
[28] Reichman, S.M. (2002) The Responses of Plants to Metal Toxicity: A Review Focusing on Copper, Manganese and Zinc. In: Reichman, S.M., Ed., Symptoms and Visual Evidence of Toxicity Melbourne, Australian Minerals and Energy Environment Foundation, Melbourne, 22-26.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.