Determination the Effect of Gamma Radiation and Thermal Neutron on PM-355 Detector by Using FTIR Spectroscopy


The effect of gamma on nuclear track detector type PM-355 (at the dose range 200 to 1600 kGy) and thermal neutron (flux 105 n·cm-2·s-1) was calculated by using of two irradiation methods. First method (G + N) was an irradiation PM-355 detector by gamma radiation and then irradiation by thermal neutrons, and another method (N + G) was irradiated by thermal neutrons and then gamma radiation. FTIR-spectroscopy was used to measure the change in deferent of transmission percent ΔT% at the wavenumber 1260 cm-1 with wavenumber 2962 cm-1 [ΔT%]1260-2962 and wavenumber 1138 cm-1 [ΔT%]1260-1138. The values of [ΔT%]1260-2962 and [ΔT%]1260-1138 were increasing with the increase of gamma irradiation with maximum response at 820 kGy and then drop after this dose until to 1600 kGy. This study determined the linear equations relation between the effect of gamma radiation on PM-355 detector and the change of [ΔT%]1260-2962 and [ΔT%]1260-1138, and this change appeared in (N + G) irradiation method better than in (G + N) irradiation method. The appearance of wavenumber 2964 cm-1 in (G + N) irradiation method referred to alkyl asymmetry C-H bond stretched out of skelated plane after changes in chemical structure of PM-355 detector by gamma or neutrons radiation.

Share and Cite:

Al-Jobouri, H. (2015) Determination the Effect of Gamma Radiation and Thermal Neutron on PM-355 Detector by Using FTIR Spectroscopy. Detection, 3, 15-20. doi: 10.4236/detection.2015.33003.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Vijay Kumar, R., Sonkawade, G. and Dhaliwal, A.S. (2012) Gamma Irradiation Induced Chemical and Structural Modifications in PM-355 Polymeric Nuclear Track Detector Film. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, 290, 59-63.
[2] Mallick, B., Behera, R.C. and Patel, T. (2005) Analysis of Microstrain in Neutron Irradiated Polyester Fibre by X-Ray Diffraction Technique. Bulletin of Materials Science, 28, 593-598.
[3] Tayel, A., Zaki, M.F., El Basaty, A.B. and Hegazy, T.M. (2015) Modifications Induced by Gamma Irradiation to Makrofol Polymer Nuclear Track Detector. Journal of Advanced Research, 6, 219-224.
[4] Nouh, S.A. (2004) Physical Changes Associated with Gamma Doses of PM-555 Solid-State Nuclear Track Detector. Radiation Measurements, 38, 167-172.
[5] Al-Mashhadani, N.J.H. (2009) γ-Irradiation Effect on the Optical Constants, and the Electric Loss of PM-355. Enginering and Technical Journal, 32, 1158-1168.
[6] Saad, A.F., Atwa, S.T., Yokota, R. and Fujii, M. (2005) Radiation-Induced Modifications on Spectroscopic and Thermal Properties of CR-39 and SR-90 Nuclear Track Detectors. Radiation Measurements, 40, 780-784.
[7] Czyzewski, T., Jaskóla, M., Korman, A., Pszona, S., Sadowski, M. and Szydlowski, A. (1997) On the Interpretation of CR-39, PM-355 and PM-500 Track Detector Response to 14.9 MeV Neutrons. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, 132, 724-727.
[8] Nouh, S.A., Abdel Naby, A. and El Hussieny, H.M. (2007) Fast Neutron Irradiation Effects in PM-355. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 65, 1173-1178.
[9] Abu-Jarad, F., Hala, A.M. and Farhat, M. (1997) Variation of PM-355 Properties by High Gamma Absorbed Doses. Radiation Measurements, 27, 13-17.
[10] Nouh, S.A. and Bahareth, R.A. (2012) Color Changes in Gamma- and Electron-Beam-Irradiated PM-355 Nuclear Track Detector. Radiation Effects and Defects in Solids, 167, 111-119.
[11] Al-Karmi, A.M. (2006) Impedance Spectroscopy of Gamma Irradiated PM-355. Radiation Measurements, 41, 209-212.
[12] Aly, E.H. (2013) Microstructural Investigation of PM-355 Nuclear Track Detector Subjected to Low-Dose Gamma Irradiation: A Positron Annihilation Lifetime. Materials Sciences and Applications, 4, 622-629.
[13] Kalsi, P.C. (2009) Gamma and Neutron Dose Measurements with Solid State Nuclear Track Detectors. Indian Journal of Physics, 83, 799-804.
[14] Abdel Raouf, K.M. (2013) Study of CR-39 SSNDs Irradiated with Different Types of Radiation by FTIR Spectroscopy and α-Range Determination. American Journal of Environmental Protection, 2, 53-57.
[15] Snyder, R.G., Hus, S.L. and Kriumm, S. (1978) Vibrational Spectra in the C-Hstretching Region and the Structure of the Polymethylene Chain. Specrtochimica Acta, 34A, 395-406.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.