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Sports, Physical Education, Olympic Games, and Brazil: The Deafness That Still Should Be Listened

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DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.612138    3,555 Downloads   4,420 Views   Citations
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Clévia Fernanda Sies Barboza1,2, Ana Regina Campello1, Helena Carla Castro1,2,3*

Affiliation(s)

1Post Graduate Program in Diversity and Inclusion (CMPDI), Federal Fluminense University, Niterói, Brazil.
2Post Graduate Program in Bioscience and Health, Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
3Post Graduate Program in Science and Biotechnology (PPBI), Federal Fluminense University, Niterói, Brazil.

ABSTRACT

Since the sports and health-promoting activities have become part of modern civilization, Physical Education (PE) has become an important discipline that approaches these topics to the teenagers and children. PE introduces students to a wide range of sports, their rules and their relationship with health, from elementary to higher education levels. It also helps on discovering and training athletes for the Olympic Games, Paralympic Games and Deaflympics. For teaching PE and sports to deaf students, we should use sign language. Since Brazil will hold the Olympic Games in 2016, in this work we aim to survey for signs of 33 sports of the Olympic Games in Brazilian Sign Language (LIBRAS-LSB) and to verify their linguistic consistence for teaching deaf students and help on receiving deaf visitors at the time of the Olympic Games. According to our data, among the 33 sports selected for this study, only 10 are represented in LIBRAS according to dictionary Acessibilidade Brasil (http://www.acessobrasil.org.br) from the Brazilian National Institute of Education of Deaf (INES). Importantly, some signs do not strictly follow neither the LIBRAS grammatical structure nor the visual-motor feature related to the sport represented (e.g. Athletics). Among the 23 missing sports there included the Artistic Gymnastics and Sailing in which Brazil has held good athletes. The comparison of LSB with other sign languages from United States (ASL), France (FSL) and Spain (SSL) using Spread The Sign, an international dictionary (www.spreadthesign.com), revealed that some of these inconsistence also appears in another languages. Our data points to the urgent need for creating and/or organizing the Brazilian sports signs using a formal tool such as INES dictionary for teaching PE and using them at the time of the Olympic Games in Brazil.

KEYWORDS

Physical Education, Sports, Olympic, Deafness, Sign Language

Cite this paper

Barboza, C. , Campello, A. and Castro, H. (2015) Sports, Physical Education, Olympic Games, and Brazil: The Deafness That Still Should Be Listened. Creative Education, 6, 1386-1390. doi: 10.4236/ce.2015.612138.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

References

[1] Barboza, C. F. S. (2015). Physical Education, Sports And The Brazilian Signs Of Language (LIBRAS, LSB): Development Of Surdesportes Glossary For Accessibility And Inclusion Of Deaf Community. Essay defendend in 2015 at Pos-Graduation Course in Diversity and Inclusion, Niterói, RJ: Federal Fluminense University.
[2] Brazil (2002). Law No. 10,346, dated April 24, 2002. Disp and on Brazilian Sign Language—Libras and Other Measures. Official Gazette, Brasilia 25 April 2002.
[3] Brazil (2000). PARAMETERS NATIONAL CURRICULUM: Physical Education/Primary Education Department (2nd ed.). Rio de Janeiro: DP & A.
[4] Ferreira, E. L. (2011). Inclusive Physical Activities for People with Disabilities. Mogi das Cruzes: Brazilian Confederation of Wheelchair Dance.
[5] Frydrych, L. A. K. (2012). Revisiting the Concepts of Arbitrariness and Iconicity: Implications for the Linguistic Status of Sign Languages. ReVEL, 10, 282-294. www.revel.inf.br
[6] Gomes, M. C. (2008). The Current Panorama of Deaf Education. In the Wake of a Bilingual Education. The INES and the Deaf Education in Brazil. Vol 01, 2nd edition (Dec/2008), Rio de Janeiro: INES/2008.
[7] Quadros, R. M., & Perlin, G. (2007). Deaf Studies II. Petropolis: Hyacinth Macaw.
[8] WHO (2015). Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health.
http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/pa/en/

  
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