Nutritional Status of Diabetic Mothers and Health of Newborns in Western Algeria

DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.610089   PDF   HTML   XML   2,774 Downloads   3,306 Views  

Abstract

The aim of our work is the study of nutrition diabetic women, and the study of the health status of their newborns in West of Algeria. Our study was performed on 165 diabetic mothers aged 20 to 45 years and 161 newborns admitted to the hospital specialized in obstetrics and gynecology of Sidi Bel Abbes. A food survey and anthropometric study were achieved in our population, clinical and socioeconomic data were recorded in an identification card. Our results show that the average age of women with diabetes is 33.26 ± 5.15 ans. The socio-economic survey shows that 47.32% of women have an average monthly income; their education level is low with only 8.06% having a higher level. Anthropometric parameters show that 48.08% of elderly diabetic women aged 30 to 40 years are overweight BMI > 25. Dietary survey indicates that women experienced iron, calcium and vitamin B9 deficiency. The results of clinical data have shown the existence of gestational diabetes with a rate of 50.90%; macrosomia is dominant in their newborns with a rate of 22.26%. We noted the presence of hypoglycemia in 18.01% and inutero death in 12.42%.

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Ouramdane, R. , Bereksi-Reguig, K. , Abou-Bakr, F. and Belbraouet, S. (2015) Nutritional Status of Diabetic Mothers and Health of Newborns in Western Algeria. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 6, 854-859. doi: 10.4236/fns.2015.610089.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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