A Comparison between Forming Behaviours of Two Pre-Consolidated Woven Thermoplastic Composites

DOI: 10.4236/msce.2015.37024   PDF   HTML   XML   3,346 Downloads   3,847 Views   Citations


This paper presents the results of an investigation on stretch forming behaviour of two consolidated woven thermoplastic composites: a self-reinforced polypropylene (SRPP) and a glass-fibre reinforced polypropylene (GRPP) composite. A custom-built press with a hemispherical punch was employed to deform composites’ specimens possessing different aspect ratios into an open die. The induced strains on the outer surface of specimens were measured continuously through two high speed, high resolution CCD cameras by employing a Digital Image Correlation (DIC) technique. The strain paths at three different locations on the surface of specimens were compared to elucidate the effect of fibre and matrix on the formability of a woven composite. The fractured surface of specimens was investigated to reveal the effect of fibre mechanical properties on failure morphologies in woven composites. It was found out that the main mode of failure in GRPP is fibre fracture while observed failure morphologies in SRPP were a complex combination of different failure mechanisms. It was revealed that the combination of applied boundary conditions and specimen’s width determines the effective forming mechanisms.

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Zanjani, N. and Kalyanasundaram, S. (2015) A Comparison between Forming Behaviours of Two Pre-Consolidated Woven Thermoplastic Composites. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 3, 180-189. doi: 10.4236/msce.2015.37024.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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