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Paratuberculosis Infection in Camel (Camelus dromidarius): Current and Prospective Overview

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DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2015.57021    3,961 Downloads   4,626 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Camel (Camelus dromidarius) is an important source of meat and milk and an iconic animal of the Saudi Arabian heritage. The accumulative evidence indicated the spread of paratuberculosis infection in the camel herds. Despite the explicit studies on the details of the disease in camels and methods of its diagnosis, paratuberculosis infection in camels suffers from wide gap of knowledge of the disease pathogenesis, camel immune responses to the infection and factors that enhance camel’s resistance to the infection. The review discusses the current available information of the disease pathobiology and the approaches employed in the diagnosis of paratuberculosis infection in camel. Effective control of the disease in camel prompts for urgent innovation of the current approaches in the diagnosis. Efficient policies and inspection tools are becoming vital to tackle the possible threats of Crohn’s disease to the public health due to the meat and milk consumption.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Alluwaimi, A. (2015) Paratuberculosis Infection in Camel (Camelus dromidarius): Current and Prospective Overview. Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 5, 153-160. doi: 10.4236/ojvm.2015.57021.

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