Migrant Housing in Urban China: Based on Residential Segregation and Social Exclusion Theory


China’s recent waves of internal migration, primarily rural to urban reflect a rapidly urbanizing society. However, how to settle down the migrants to promote the process of urbanization, housing problem has become a central topic among scholars. This article mainly reviews the present situation of migrant housing in urban China from four aspects, such as housing choice, spatial distribution of residence, housing condition and housing satisfactory. Based on residential segregation and social exclusion theory, the research finds that the country’s unique institutional factors, particularly the existing household registration system, together with the individual characteristics, contribute to the overall poor conditions of migrant housing. Thus, several effective measures should be implemented to improve the living standard of migrant housing.

Share and Cite:

Guo, M. and Wang, Z. (2015) Migrant Housing in Urban China: Based on Residential Segregation and Social Exclusion Theory. Open Journal of Business and Management, 3, 281-286. doi: 10.4236/ojbm.2015.33028.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] The People’s Republic of China National Bureau of Statistics (2014) The Report of the National Survey on Migrant Workers in 2014.
[2] Schelling, T.C. (1971) Dynamic Models of Segregation. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 1, 143-186.
[3] Denton, N.A. and Massey, D.S. (1988) Residential Segregation of Black, Hispanics, and Asians by Socioeconomic Status and Generation. Social Science Quarterly, 69, 797-817.
[4] Preston, V., Murdie, R. and Murnaghan, A.M. (2007) The Housing Situation and Needs of Recent Immigrants in the Toronto CMA. CERIS Working Paper, No. 56.
[5] Hanlon, J. (2011) Unsightly Urban Menaces and the Rescaling of Residential Segregation in the United States. Journal of Urban History, 37, 732-756.
[6] Weigher, J. (1980) Housing: Federal Policies and Programs. American Enterprise Institute, Washington DC.
[7] Chandrasekhar, C.A. (2004) Can New Americans Achieve the American Dream? Promoting Homeownership in Immigrant Communities. Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review, 39, 169-216.
[8] Danso, R.K. and Grant, M.R. (2000) Access to Housing as an Adaptive Strategy for Immigrant Groups: Africans in Calgary. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 32, 19-43.
[9] Hulchanski, J.D. and Shapcott, M. (2004) Introduction: Finding Room in Canada’s Housing System for All Canadians. In: Hulchanski, D. and Shapcott, M., Eds., Finding Room: Policy Options for a Canadian Rental Housing Strategy, University of Toronto Press, Centre for Urban and Community Studies, Toronto, 3-12.
[10] Battiston, D., Dickens, R., Manning, A. and Wadsworth, J. (2014) Immigration and the Access to Social Housing in the UK. CEP Discussion Paper No. 1264.
[11] Chatterjee, S. and Zahirovic-Herbert, V. (2011) Homeownership and Housing Equity: An Examination of Native-Immigrant Differences in Housing Wealth. International Advances in Economic Research, 17, 211-223.
[12] Yang, S.M. and Wang, H.S. (2008) The Change of Xinjiang Village in Beijing-One of the Investigation of Xinjiang Village in Beijing. Northwest Ethnic Studies, 2.
[13] Chen, H.B. and Xu, Z.Z. (2013) Problems and Countermeasures of Housing for Migrant Workers-Taking Zhengzhou City as an Example. Regional Research and Development, 1, 41-44.
[14] O’Flaherty, B. (1995) An Economic Theory of Homelessness and Housing. Journal of Housing Economics, 4, 13-49.

Copyright © 2023 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.