The Efficient Role of Dermestes in Damage of Fish in Bangui (Central African Republic)


A bad conservation of food is recognized as being one of the critical constraints upon food security among resource poor population across Africa. We have evaluated the traditional management of pests in fish in Central African Republic. The data were analyzed by a factor analysis of correspondence. The Group I contained sensitive species of fish to the attacks of Dermetes frishii, Dermetes lardarius and Dermestes carnivorus. There were: Labeocoubie, Mormyrus deliciosus, Polydactylus quadrifilis, Auchenoglanis occidentalis, Synodontis nigrita, Hydrocynus forskalli, Districhodus rostratus, Hydrocynus goliath and Mormyrusrume. The group II contained sensitive species of fishes to the attacks of D. maculatus. There were: Cyprinus carpio, Malapterurus electricus, Oreochromis mossambicus, Barbus occidentalis and Oreochromis mossambicus. Clariasgariecilus is the mostsensitive of dried fish to the attacks of Dermestes. Oreochromis mossambicus, Mormyrusrume and Synodontis nigrita are the last sensitive of dried fish to the attacks of Dermestes. The results showed that the tradictional management of dried fish in Central African Republic couldn’t be efficient for reducing the development of Dermestes.

Share and Cite:

Florent, B. , Lucie, A. , Judith, G. , Patricia, W. , Innocent, Z. , Salomon, N. , Ponel-Béranger, L. , Ernest, K. and Silla, S. (2015) The Efficient Role of Dermestes in Damage of Fish in Bangui (Central African Republic). Advances in Entomology, 3, 111-117. doi: 10.4236/ae.2015.33013.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Aref, M., Timbley, A. and Daget, J. (1964) Fish and Fist Processing in Republic of Mali. 3. On the Destruction of Fish by Dermestes Insects. AlexandriaJournal of Research, 12, 95-98.
[2] Dransfield, E. (2006) Facteurs influençant les qualités physiques, chimiques et organoleptiques des poissons d’eau douce. Pays-Bas, 14 p.
[3] Haines, C.P. and Rees, D.P. (1989) Dermestes spp. A Field Guide to the Types of Insects and Mites Infesting Cured Fish.
[4] Cloud, J.A. and Collison, C.H. (1986) Comparison of Various Poultry House Litter Components for Hide Beetle (Dermestes maculatus DeGeer) Larval Development in the Laboratory. Poultry Science, 65, 1911-1914.
[5] Kumar, P., Jayaprakas, C.A., Singh, B.D. and Sen-Gupta, K. (1988) Studies on the Biology of Dermestesater (Coleoptera: Dermestidae)—A Pest of Silkworm Pupae and Adults. Current Science, 57, 1253-1259.
[6] Boulvert, Y. (1986) Carte phytogéographique de la République centrafricaine à 1:1000000e. ORSTOM éd., Coll. Notice Explicative, Paris, 131 p.
[7] Conaway, J.L., Ouedraogo, A.K. and Coneff, J. (2012) Activité de zonage plus de moyens d’existence de la République centrafricaine. USAID (United States Agency International Development), Bangui, Centrafrique, 41p.
[8] Delobel, A. and Tran, M. (1993) Les Coléoptères des denrées alimentaires entreposées dans les régions chaudes. ORSTOM, Paris, 424 p.
[9] Wang, J., Li, Z., Chen, Y., Chen, Q. and Yin, X. (2008) The Succession and Development of Insects on Pig Carcasses and Their Significances in Estimating PMI in South China. Forensic Science International, 179, 11-18.
[10] Adams, R.G. (1980) Dermestes leechi Kalik in Stored Products and New Diagnostic Characters for Dermestes spp (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). Journal of Stored Products Research, 16, 119-122.
[11] Richardson, M.S. and Goff, M.L. (2001) Effects of Temperature and Intraspecific Interaction on the Development of Dermestes maculatus (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 38, 347-351.
[12] Rajashekhargouda, R. and Devaiah, M.C. (1986) Biology of the Carpet Beetle, Attagenusfisciutus (Thunberg) (Col. Dermestidae) and Loss Estimation. Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 20, 43-51.
[13] McNamara, K.B., Brown, R.L., Elgar, M.A. and Jones, T.M. (2008) Paternity Costs from Polyandry Compensated by Increased Fecundity in the Hide Beetle. Behavioral Ecology, 19, 433-440.
[14] Nijhout, H.F., Riddiford, L.M., Mirth, C., Shingleton, A.W., Suzuki, Y. and Callier, V. (2014) The Developmental Control of Size in Insects. WIREsDev.Biol., 3, 113-134.
[15] Howe, R.W. (1953) The Effects of Temperature and Humidity on the Length of the Life Cycle of Dermestes frischii (Kug.) (Col., Dermestidae). Entomologist, 86, 109-113.
[16] Owoade, R.A. (2008) Mortality, Growth and Development of Dermestes maculatus Larvae Exposed to Dry Clarias sp. Treated with Four Local Spices. African Scientist, 9, 30-34.
[17] Kritzinger, C.C. (1955) The Control of Insect Damage to Hides and Skins. Science Direct, 156, 159-167.
[18] Howard, G.T. (1952) The Destructive Hide Beetle; Its Hide and Skin Damage Costs Amount to $1,000,000 a Year. Science Direct, 123, 16, 42-44.
[19] Kalshoven, L.G.E. (1954) Dermestids in Indonesia-4: On the Development of Dermestes Species on Dried Fish and Meat in Java. Science Direct, 15, 112-116.
[20] Veer, V., Negi, B.K. and Rao, K.M. (1996) Dermestid Beetles and Some Other Insect Pests Associated with Stored Silkworm Cocoons in India, Including a World List of Dermestid Species Found Attacking This Commodity. Journal of Stored Products Research, 32, 69-89.
[21] Jones, T.M., McNamara, K.B., Colvin, P.G.R., Featherston, R. and Elgar, M.A. (2006) Mating Frequency, Fecundity and Fertilization Success in the Hide Beetle, Dermestes maculatus. Journal of Insect Behavior, 19, 357-371.
[22] Smykal, V., Daimon, T., Kayukawa, T., Takaki, K., Shinoda, T. and Jindra, M. (2014) Importance of Juvenile Hormone Signaling Arises with Competence of Insect Larvae to Metamorphose. Developmental Biology, 390, 221-230.

Copyright © 2022 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.