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A Flexible Quasi-Solid-State Electrochromic Device with Polymeric Electrolyte and WO3/NiO Complementary System

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DOI: 10.4236/msce.2015.37018    4,085 Downloads   4,790 Views  

ABSTRACT

A flexible quasi-solid-state electrochromic device (ECD), assembled with a polymeric crystal composite electrolyte and tungsten oxide/nickel oxide (WO3/NiO) complementary system, is demonstrated in this study. The polymer composite, which is composed of a UV-cured ethoxylated trimethylolpropane triacrylate (ETPTA), propylene carbonate (PC) and ferrocene (Fc), is used as the electrolyte in the flexible quasi-solid-state ECD. The optimal composition ration of this composite is at the weight ratio of 15/85 for ETPTA/PC with 1 M LiClO4. For the cathodic electrochromic electrode, a flexible polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is used as the substrate, and indium-tin- oxide (ITO) and WO3 are deposited sequentially on the PET by sputtering. A NiO/ITO/PET electrode prepared by sputtering is used as the anodic coloring electrode. The thickness of ITO, WO3 and NiO film is 110, 70 and 60 nm, respectively. This flexible all-solid-state ECD fabricated with the polymeric crystal composite electrolyte shows an optical contrast of ca. 37.5% at 550 nm. The optical transmittance of the ECD at 550 nm can be reversibly modulated from 47.5% (bleached) to 10.0% (darkened), by applying potentials of 2.5 and 2.5 V, respectively.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Wang, J. , Wang, M. and Jan, D. (2015) A Flexible Quasi-Solid-State Electrochromic Device with Polymeric Electrolyte and WO3/NiO Complementary System. Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, 3, 136-141. doi: 10.4236/msce.2015.37018.

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