Share This Article:

The Influence of Surrounding Ground Floor Facilities on the Use of Privately Owned Public Spaces in Seoul

Abstract Full-Text HTML XML Download Download as PDF (Size:764KB) PP. 95-106
DOI: 10.4236/jbcpr.2015.32010    3,636 Downloads   4,190 Views  
Author(s)    Leave a comment

ABSTRACT

Seoul’s privately owned public space (POPS) initiative has achieved quantitative success since its introduction in the early 1990s. However, POPSs have been frequently criticized for failing to correspond with the urban context in which they are created and are thus often underused. Association between surrounding urban context and the use of POPS is acknowledged, but specific elements of the urban context associated with the use of POPS and the extent of association are unclear. In this study, the relationship between constituent elements of 48 POPSs including the surrounding ground floor facility use and the use of those spaces in Seoul’s central business district was measured by multiple regression analysis. The results present empirical evidence of a substantial relationship between assembly, mercantile, and business facilities on ground floors of surrounding buildings and the use of POPS. As the surrounding ground floor facility use showed an overriding relationship with the use of POPS that possibly overshadowed the influence of secondary determinants, the 48 POPSs were divided into two groups: those surrounded by commercial facilities and those surrounded by business facilities. The use of POPSs surrounded by commercial facilities was associated with additional variables including the proximity to transit stations and crosswalks. Models using the sample of POPSs surrounded by business facilities were not statistically significant. Based on these results, this paper emphasizes the importance of creating POPSs in connection with desirable surrounding facilities. This study also suggests that anticipation of the usage patterns of POPSs and establishment of guidelines supporting those patterns may be viable by investigating preexisting urban contexts.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Cite this paper

Koo, B. and Lee, Y. (2015) The Influence of Surrounding Ground Floor Facilities on the Use of Privately Owned Public Spaces in Seoul. Journal of Building Construction and Planning Research, 3, 95-106. doi: 10.4236/jbcpr.2015.32010.

References

[1] Németh, J. (2009) Defining a Public: Managing Privately Owned Public Space. Urban Studies, 46, 2463-2490. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0042098009342903
[2] Carmona, M., Claudio, M. and Leo, H. (2008) Public Space: The Management Dimension. Routledge, New York.
[3] Kayden, J.S. (2000) The New York City Department of City Planning and the Municipal Art Society of New York. Privately Owned Public Space: The New York City Experience. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.
[4] Lee, S. and Kim, Y. (2012) Improvement of System on Privately Owned Public Space for Elevating the Quality of Urban Public Spaces (Report No. 2012-6). Architecture and Urban Research Institute, Anyang.
[5] Kim, H. (2000) A Study of Utilization of Semi-Public Space of Street for the Betterment in Life Environment. Journal of the Korean Housing Association, 11, 85-95.
[6] Park, J. (2011) Development of Design Guideline for the Use Enhancement of Privately Owned Public Space (Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation). Korea University, Seoul.
[7] Jacobs, J. (1961) The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Vintage, New York.
[8] Gehl, J., Kaefer, L.J. and Reigstad, S. (2006) Close Encounters with Buildings. Urban Design International, 11, 29-47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/palgrave.udi.9000162
[9] Whyte, W.H. (1980) The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces. Conservation Foundation, Washington DC.
[10] Koo, B. (2013) Classification of User Behavior in Privately Owned Public Space According to the Building Use (Unpublished Master’s Dissertation). Seoul National University, Seoul.
[11] New York City Planning. http://www.nyc.gov/html/dcp/html/priv/priv.shtml
[12] Kim, S. (2002) A Study on The Amenity Indicator of Office Public Space. Journal of Architectural Institute of Korea, 18, 147-154.
[13] Jang, H. and Lee, I. (2006) A Study on the Effect of Factors on the Use of Private-Owned Pocket Parks. Journal of Urban Design Institute of Korea, 7, 47-60.
[14] Im, D., Park, C. and Koo, J. (2014) A Study on Relationship between Physical Components of Public Open Space Owned by Private Sector and Behaviour Types of User. Journal of Urban Design Institute of Korea, 15, 79-90.
[15] Song, J. (2005) Effect of Location Factors on the Use of Public Open Spaces. Unpublished Master’s Dissertation, Seoul National University, Seoul.
[16] Kayden, J. (2005) Using and Misusing Law to Design the Public Realm. In: Ben-Joseph, E. and Szold, T., Eds., Regulating Place: Standards and the Shaping of Urban America, Routledge, New York, 115-140.
[17] Choi, S. (2013) A Study on the Privately-Owned Public Spaces of Guro Digital Complex as an Apparatus for Urban Public Environment. Unpublished Master’s Dissertation, Seoul National University, Seoul.
[18] Gehl, J. (1987) Life between Buildings: Using Public Space. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, New York.
[19] Daum Map. http://maps.daum.net
[20] Lee, J., Kim, S. and Park, Y. (2008) A Study on the Privatization of Public Open Space in Urban Commercial Strip Buildings. Journal of Architectural Institute of Korea, 28, 257-260.

  
comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2019 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.