Adsorption Application for Removal of Hazardous Chloroform from Aqueous Solution by Nanocomposites Rectorite/Chitosan Adsorbent
Shiqian Li, Peijiang Zhou, Ling Ding
DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.36055   PDF   HTML   XML   5,623 Downloads   11,924 Views   Citations


A novel nanocomposite bioadsorbent rectorite/chitosan was prepared by controlling different mass ratios of chitosan to rectorite using the water phase intercalation technique. The structure of the bioadsorbent was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), respectively. The results showed that the chitosan had been inserted into the rectorite layer successfully. The adsorption properties of the nanocomposite adsorbent toward CHCl3 from aqueous solution were investigated. Adsorption results showed that both nanocomposite adsorbents with weight ratio of rectorite to chitosan of 3:1 and 5:1 exhibited higher adsorption capacities.

Share and Cite:

S. Li, P. Zhou and L. Ding, "Adsorption Application for Removal of Hazardous Chloroform from Aqueous Solution by Nanocomposites Rectorite/Chitosan Adsorbent," Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol. 3 No. 6, 2011, pp. 448-455. doi: 10.4236/jwarp.2011.36055.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] S. O_Doherty, P. G. Simmonds, D. M. Cunnold, H. J. Wang, G. A. Sturrock, P. J. Fraser, D. Ryall, R. G. Derwent, R. F. Weiss, P. Salameh, B. R. Miller and R. G. Prinn, “In situ Chloroform Measurements at Advanced Global Atmospheric Gases Experiment Atmospheric Research Stations from 1994 to 1998,” Journal of Geophysics Research, Vol. 106, No. (D17), 2001, pp. 20429- 20444.
[2] S. Zok, J. -C. Boutonnet, C. de Rooij, V. Garny, A. Lecloux, R. Papp, R. S. Thompson, D. van Wijk, “EuroChlor Risk Assessment for the Marine Environment OSPARCOM Region: North Sea-Chloroform,” Environment Monitor Assessment, Vol. 52, 1998, pp. 401-424. doi:10.1023/A:1006010515371
[3] E. G. Garrido-Ramírez, B. K. G. Theng and M. L. Mora, “Clays and Oxide Minerals as Catalysts and Nanocatalysts in Fenton-Like Reactions - A Review,” Applied Clay Science, Vol. 47, No. 3-4, 2010, pp. 182-192. doi:10.1016/j.clay.2009.11.044
[4] J. Gibbons and S. Laha, “Water Purification Systems: A Comparative Analysis Based on the Occurrence of Disinfection by-Products,” Environment Pollution, Vol. 106, No. 3, 1999, pp. 425-428. doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00097-4
[5] S. K. Golfinopoulos, “The Occurrence of trihalomethanes in the Drinking Water in Greece,” Chemosphere, Vol. 41, No. 11, 2000, pp. 1761-1767. doi:10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00062-X
[6] M. A. Stack, G. Fitzgerald, S. O_Connell and J. K. James, “Measurement of Trihalomethanes in Potable and Recreational Waters Using Solid Phase Micro Extraction with Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry,” Chemosphere, Vol. 41, No. 11, 2000, pp. 1821-1826. doi:10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00047-3
[7] C. Anderson, “Cholera Epidemic Traced to Risk Miscalculation,” Nature, Vol. 354, No. 6351, 1991, pp. 255-257. doi:10.1038/354255a0
[8] European Chlorine, “Chloroform in the Environment: A Dossier,” Brussels, Belgium, May 2002.
[9] S. W. Zielhuis, J. F. W. Nijsen, L. Dorland, G. C. Krijger, A. D. vanhetSchip and W. E. Hennink, “Removal of Chloroform from Biodegradable Therapeutic Microspheres by Radiolysis,” International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Vol. 315, No. 1-2, 2006, pp. 67-74. doi:10.1016/j.ijpharm.2006.02.010
[10] S. Yamazaki, A. Yoshida and H. Abe, “Photocatalytic Degradation of Chloroform in the Gas Phase on the Porous TiO2 Pellets: Effect of Cl Accumulated on the Catalyst Surface,” Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry, Vol. 169, No. 1, 2005, pp. 191-196. doi:10.1016/j.jphotochem.2004.06.018
[11] A. Demirbas, “Heavy Metal Adsorption onto Agro-Based Waste Materials,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 157, No. 2-3, 2008, pp. 220-229. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.01.024
[12] J. Acharya, J. N. Sahu, B. K. Sahoo, C. R. Mohanty and B. C. Meikap, “Removal of Chromium(VI) from Wastewater by Activated Carbon Developed from Tamarind Wood Activated with Zinc Chloride,” Chemistry Engineer Journal, Vol. 150, No. 1, 2009, pp. 25-39. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2008.11.035
[13] L. A. Jonas and W. J. Svirbely, “The Kinetics of Adsorption of Carbon Tetrachloride and Chloroform from Air Mixtures by Activated Carbon,” Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 24, No. 3, 1972, pp. 446-459. doi:10.1016/0021-9517(72)90128-5
[14] M. Darder, M. Colilla and E. Ruiz-Hitzky, “Biopolymer-Clay Nanocomposites Based on Chitosan Intercalated in Montmorillonite,” Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 15, No. 20, 2003, pp. 3774-3780. doi:10.1021/cm0343047
[15] D. Karadag, S. Tok, E. Akgul, M. Turan, M. Ozturk and A. Demir, “Ammonium Removal from Sanitary Landfill Leachate Using Natural Gordes Clinoptilolite,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 153, No. 3, 2008, pp. 60-66. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.08.019
[16] L. Peng, Siddaramaiah, H. K. Nam, et al., “Novel PAAm/Laponite Clay Nanocomposite Hydrogels with Improved Cationic Dye Adsorption Behavior,” Composites: Part B, Vol. 39, No. 5, 2008, pp. 756-763. doi:10.1016/j.compositesb.2007.11.003
[17] J. W. Park, M. O. Park and K. K. Park, “Mechanism of Metal Ion Binding to Chitosan in Solution Cooperative and Intramolecular Chelations,” Bulletin of Korean Chemical Society, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1984, pp. 108-112.
[18] A. H. Chen, C. Y. Yang, C. Y. Chen and C. W. Chen, “The Chemically Crosslinked Metal-Complexed Chitosans for Comparative Adsorptions of Cu(II), Zn(II), Ni(II) and Pb(II) Ions in Aqueous Medium,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 163, No. 2-3, 2009, pp. 1068- 1075. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2008.07.073
[19] E. Guibal, C. Milot, O. Eterradossi, C. Gauffier and A. Domard, “Study of Molybdate Ion Sorption on Chitosan Gel Beads by Different Spectrometric Analyses,” International Journal of Biology Macromology, Vol. 24, No. 1, 1999, pp. 49-59. doi:10.1016/S0141-8130(98)00067-1
[20] S. Hasan, T. K. Ghosh, D. S. Viswanath and V. M. Boddu, “Dispersion of Chitosan on Perlite for Enhancement of Copper(Ii) Adsorption Capacity,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 152, No. 2, 2008, pp. 826- 837. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2007.07.078
[21] K. J. Yao, M. Song, D. J. Hourston and D. Z. Luo, “Polymer/Layered Clay Nanocomposites: 2 Polyurethane Nanocomposites,” Polymer, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2002, pp. 1017-1020. doi:10.1016/S0032-3861(01)00650-4
[22] L. A. Utracki, “Compressibility and Thermal Expansion Coefficients of Nanocomposites with Amorphous and Crystalline Polymer Matrix,” European Polymer Journal, Vol. 45, No. 7, 2009, pp. 1891-1903. doi:10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2009.04.009
[23] A. Usuki, A. Tukigase and M. Kato, “Preparation and Properties of EPDM-Clay Hybrids,” Polymer, Vol. 43, 2002, pp. 2185-2189. doi:10.1016/S0032-3861(02)00013-7
[24] J. H. Wu and M. M. Lerner, “Structural Thermal and Electrical Characterization of Layered Nanocomposites Derived from Na-Montmorillonite and Polyethers,” Chemistry Materials, Vol. 5, No. 6, 1993, pp. 835-838. doi:10.1021/cm00030a019
[25] X. Y. Wang, Y. M. Du, J. W. Luo, B. F. Lin and J. F. Kennedy, “Chitosan/Organic Rectorite Nanocomposite Films: Structure, Characteristic and Drug Delivery Behaviour,” Carbohydrate Polymer, Vol. 69, No. 1, 2007, pp. 41-49. doi:10.1016/j.carbpol.2006.08.025
[26] H. Kasgoz and A. Durmus, “Dye Removal by a Novel Hydrogel-Clay Nanocomposite with Enhanced Swelling Properties,” Polymers for Advanced Technologies, Vol. 19, No. 7, 2008, pp. 838-845. doi:10.1002/pat.1045
[27] C. Q. Qin, Y. M. Du and L. Xiao, “Effect of Hydrogen Peroxide Treatment on the Molecular Weight and Structure of Chitosan,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, Vol. 76, No. 2, 2002, pp. 211-218. doi:10.1016/S0141-3910(02)00016-2
[28] X. Y. Wang, Y. M. Du, J. H. Yang, X. H. Wang, X. W. Shi and Y. Hu, “Preparation, Characterization and Antimicrobial Activity of Chitosan/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites,” Polymer, Vol. 47, No. 19, 2006, pp. 6738- 6744. doi:10.1016/j.polymer.2006.07.026
[29] Z. Li, Y. M. Du, L. N. Zhang and D. W. Pang, “Preparation and Characterization of CDS Quantum Dots Chitosan Biocomposite,” Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 55, No. 1, 2003, pp. 35-43. doi:10.1016/S1381-5148(02)00197-9
[30] M. R. Guilherme, A. R. Fajardo, T. A. Moia., et al., “Porous Nanocomposite Hydrogel of Vinyled Montmorillonite-Crosslinked Maltodextrin-Co-Dimethylacryl-amide as a Highly Stable Polymer Carrier for Controlled Release Systems,” European Polymer Journal, Vol. 46, No. 8, 2010, pp. 1465-1474. doi:10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2010.04.008
[31] T. Pojanavaraphan and R. Magaraphan, “Prevulcanized Natural Rubber Latex/Clay Aerogel Nanocomposites,” European Polymer Journal, Vol. 44, No. 7, 2008, pp. 1968-1977. doi:10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2008.04.039
[32] Y. Li, L. Liu, W. A. Zhang and Y. E. Fang, “A New Hybrid Nanocomposite Prepared by Graft Copolymerization of Butyl Acrylate Onto Chitosan in the Presence of Organophilic Montmorillonite,” Radiation Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 69, No. 6, 2004, pp. 467-471. doi:10.1016/j.radphyschem.2003.10.012
[33] A. Akelah, “Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites: Free-Radic- al Grafting of Polystyrene on to Organophilic Montmorillonite Interlayers,” Journal of Material Sciences, Vol. 31, No. 13, 1996, pp. 3589-3596.
[34] Y. A. Zheng and A. Q. Wang, “Evaluation of Ammonium Removal Using a Chitosan-G-Poly (Acrylic Acid)/Rectorite Hydrogel Composite,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 171, No. 1-3, 2009. pp. 671-677. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.06.053
[35] H. Y. Zhu, R. Jiang and L. Xiao, “Adsorption of an Anionic Azo Dye by Chitosan/Kaolin/Γ-Fe2o3 Composites,” Applied Clay Science, Vol. 48, No. 3, 2010, pp. 522-526. doi:10.1016/j.clay.2010.02.003
[36] C. A. P. Almeida, N. A. Debacher, A. J. Downs, L. Cottet and C. A. D. Mello, “Removal of Methylene Blue from Colored Effluents by Adsorption on Montmorillonite Clay,” Journal of Colloid Interface Science, Vol. 332, No. 1, 2009, pp. 46-53. doi:10.1016/j.jcis.2008.12.012
[37] B. K. Nandi, A. Goswami and M. K. Purkait, “Removal of Cationic Dyes from Aqueous Solutions by Kaolin: Kinetic and Equilibrium Studies,” Applied Clay Science, Vol. 42, No. 3-4, pp. 583-590. doi:10.1016/j.clay.2008.03.015

Copyright © 2021 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.