Relationship between Selected Hydrochemical Parameters in Springs of Najaf Province, Iraq


Several springs exist at the south-western desert of Iraq in Najaf Province at latitude 31°00' - 32°15' and longitude 43°30' - 44°30'. They are almost parallel to Euphrates River on the eastern edge of western desert. General direction for the distribution of springs coincides with that of faults running northwest-southeast. The Hydrogen sulfide, temperature, pH and electrical conductivity were investigated in these springs. The analyses indicated that the concentration of H2S decreased from northwest toward southeast which is attributed to the escape of this gas to the atmosphere during the flow of groundwater near or on the earth surface. The surrounding geologic conditions did not affect the temperature and pH of the springs. Electrical conductivity showed an increase from northwest towards southeast which reflects dissolving more ions from the rocks of the aquifer. The electrical conductivity and hydrogen sulfide concentration had reverse relationship.

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Al-Dahaan, S. , Alabidi, A. , Al-Ansari, N. and Knutsson, S. (2015) Relationship between Selected Hydrochemical Parameters in Springs of Najaf Province, Iraq. Engineering, 7, 337-346. doi: 10.4236/eng.2015.76030.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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