Optimization of Gas Metal Arc Welding Process Parameters Using Standard Deviation (SDV) and Multi-Objective Optimization on the Basis of Ratio Analysis (MOORA)


Welding technology is very vital for the industrial development and technological advancement of any country. In this regard achieving good quality machine manufactured products cannot be over emphasized. Since welding is a very reliable method of joining metals together permanently, several methodologies have been adopted to improve the quality of weldments, such as the neural network, fuzzy logic, surface response methodology, full factorial method, and so on. In this case, the multi-objective optimization on the basis of ratio analysis (MOORA) is applied. MOORA is used to solve multi-criteria (objective) optimization problem in welding. MOORA in combination with standard deviation (SDV) was used for the optimization process. SDV was used to determine the weights that were used for normalizing the responses obtained from the mechanical test results. From applying the SDV-MOORA method, it was found that welding current of 350 A, welding voltage of 22 V, an electrode diameter of 3.2 mm and welding speed of 100 mm/s produced the weldment with the best mechanical properties. The mechanical properties compare very well with those obtained from other literature. It is, therefore, concluded that the SDV-MOORA method has successfully optimized the welding process parameters used in this study.

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Achebo, J. and Odinikuku, W. (2015) Optimization of Gas Metal Arc Welding Process Parameters Using Standard Deviation (SDV) and Multi-Objective Optimization on the Basis of Ratio Analysis (MOORA). Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 3, 298-308. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2015.34032.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


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