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Subcision in the Treatment of Acne Scar in Iraqi Patients

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DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa.2015.52015    3,250 Downloads   4,144 Views   Citations

ABSTRACT

Background: Acne vulgaris is a very common skin disease among young people which might be associated with scarring that has a great impact on the emotional, psychological and social life of the patients as it will go with them for life. Subcision is a new technique for the treatment of acne scars. Objective: To assess objectively and subjectively the efficacy and safety of subcision in the treatment of depressed acne scars. Patients and Methods: This is an open-label therapeutic trial. A total of 16 patients were enrolled in this study. Twelve were males and 4 were females. Their ages ranged from 19 - 39 with a mean of 26.64 ± 5.64. The duration of scar varied between 6 months and 10 years with a mean of 4.14 ± 2.54 years. subcision was done by introducing a sterile, hypodermic, 18-gauge needle. The needle was held by a three ml syringe for better orientation of the sharp tip of the needle. It was kept horizontal to the skin surface with the bevel up, and was introduced in a high sub dermal plane. The needle was slowly advanced parallel to the skin surface. Initially, rapid, repetitive linear back-and-forth motion of the needle makes the skin free of the underlying scar. This procedure was repeated in all directions in a fan-like manner. Results: According to Modified Sharquies scoring system for grading acne scars, 4 (25%) patients had severe grade, 11 (68.8%) patients had moderate grade and only 1 (6.2%) patient had mild grade. Evaluation at 6 months after treatment revealed that 8 (50%) patients had mild acne scar, 7 (43.8%) had moderate acne scar and only 1 (6.2%) patient still had severe grade. This change in the grades was statistically significant (p-value = 0.01713441). The average score before treatment was 13.13 ± 2.363; it became 9.50 ± 2.944 after 6 months. By paired t-test comparison, the difference in the score was statistically highly significant (p = 0.000044). Regarding the photographic assessment, the difference in the visual analogue scale before and after treatment was statistically significant (p-value = 0.043823). All patients were satisfied regarding subcision as treatment for their acne scars with variable degrees. In general the reported side effects were transient and vanished within 3 - 7 days apart from firm bumps which resolved within 12 weeks in all patients. Conclusion: Subcision appears to be simple, safe, minimally invasive, well-tolerated, and effective surgical procedure that provides significant long-term betterment for depressed acne scars especially for the rolling type.

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Al-Hammamy, H. , Mohammad, A. and Al-Turfy, I. (2015) Subcision in the Treatment of Acne Scar in Iraqi Patients. Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications, 5, 125-133. doi: 10.4236/jcdsa.2015.52015.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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