Public Perception of Physical Risks: Effect of the Experience of Repeated Explosion Accidents at a Chemical Plant

DOI: 10.4236/ojsst.2015.52006   PDF   HTML   XML   6,235 Downloads   7,000 Views   Citations

Abstract

To explore the influence of experiencing accidental explosions, a questionnaire-based survey was conducted. This paper compares the risk perception characteristics of inhabitants living near a chemical plant at which accidental explosions occurred (group A) and of those living near a plant where no serious accidents have occurred (group B). The survey forms contain the following items: demographics, knowledge about causes of accidental explosion, dread, frequency, and risk rating variables. In addition, participants of group A are asked about their level of participation in physical risk communication. The survey reveals that 1) participants of group A have a greater sense of dread than those of group B; 2) participants of group A are more likely to perceive accidental explosions in chemical plants that occur more frequently; 3) risk rating of physical risks is independent of that of health risks; 4) the “frequency” variable is a key factor that influences decision making whether they participate in physical risk communication or not.

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Koshiba, Y. and Ohtani, H. (2015) Public Perception of Physical Risks: Effect of the Experience of Repeated Explosion Accidents at a Chemical Plant. Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology, 5, 45-54. doi: 10.4236/ojsst.2015.52006.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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