Structure Evolution in Austenitic Stainless Steels—A State Variable Model Assessment

DOI: 10.4236/msa.2015.66049   PDF   HTML   XML   2,366 Downloads   2,792 Views   Citations


Strain hardening in austenitic stainless steels is modeled according to an internal state variable constitutive model. Derivation of model constants from published stress-strain curves over a range of test temperatures and strain rates is reviewed. Model constants for this material system published previously are revised to make them more consistent with model constants in other material systems.

Share and Cite:

Follansbee, P. (2015) Structure Evolution in Austenitic Stainless Steels—A State Variable Model Assessment. Materials Sciences and Applications, 6, 457-463. doi: 10.4236/msa.2015.66049.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.


[1] Follansbee, P.S. (2012) An Internal State Variable Constitutive Model for Deformation of Austenitic Stainless Steels. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 134, 41007-1-41007-10.
[2] Follansbee, P.S. (2014) Fundamentals of Strength—Principles, Experiment, and Application of an Internal State Variable, Constitutive Formulation. The Minerals, Metals, & Materials Society, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken.
[3] Norstrom, L.-A. (1977) The Influence of Nitrogen and Grain Size on Yield Strength in Type AISI 316L Austenitic, Stainless Steel. Metal Science, 11, 208-212.
[4] Brynes, M.L.G., Grujicic, M. and Owen, W.S. (1987) Nitrogen Strengthening of a Stable Austenitic Stainless Steel. Acta Metallurgia, 37, 1853-1862.
[5] Kocks, U.F. (1976) Laws for Work-Hardening and Low-Temperature Creep. ASME Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 98, 76-85.
[6] Follansbee, P.S. and Kocks, U.F. (1988) A Constitutive Description of the Deformation of Copper Based on the Use of the Mechanical Threshold Stress as an Internal State Variable. Acta Metallurgica, 36, 81-93.
[7] Albertini, C. and Montagnani, M. (1980) Dynamic Uniaxial and Biaxial Stress-Strain Relationships for Austenitic Stainless Steels. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 57, 107-123.
[8] Steichen, J.M. (1971) High Strain Rate Mechanical Properties of Types 304 Stainless Steel and Nickel 200 (RM-14). Hanford Engineering Development Laboratory, HEDL-TME-71-145, Richland, WA.
[9] Semiatin, S.L. and Holbrook, J.H. (1982) Isothermal Plastic Flow Behavior of Annealed 304L Stainless Steel. Final Technical Report to Sandia National Laboratories, Contract Number SN4156-PO92-9342, Battelle Columbus Laboratories.
[10] Conway, J.B., Stentz, R.H. and Berling, J.T. (1974) Fatigue, Tensile, and Relaxation Behavior of Stainless Steels. Report commissioned by the US Atomic Energy Commission, Division of Reactor Research and Development, NTIS, TID26135.
[11] Byun, T.S., Hashimoto, N. and Farrell, K. (2004) Temperature Dependence of Strain Hardening and Plastic Instability Behaviors in Austenitic Stainless Steels. Acta Materialia, 52, 3889-3899.
[12] Dai, Y., Egeland, G.W. and Long, B. (2008) Tensile Properties of ECX316LN Irradiated in SINQ to 20 dpa. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 377, 109-114.
[13] Stout, M.G. and Follansbee, P.S. (1986) Strain Rate Sensitivity, Strain Hardening, and Yield Behavior of 304L Stainless Steel. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 108, 344-353.
[14] Antoun, B.R. (2004) Temperature Effects on the Mechanical Properties of Annealed and HERF 304L Stainless Steel. Sandia National Laboratories, Sandia Report, SAND2004-3090.
[15] Schino, A.D., Abbruzzese, G. and Kenny, J.M. (2003) Recrystallization and Grain Growth in Austenitic Stainless Steels: A Statistical Approach. Journal of Materials Science &Technology, 19, 119-121.

comments powered by Disqus

Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc.

Creative Commons License

This work and the related PDF file are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.